Dialogue

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

Introduction
Eric: Welcome to 3-Minute Chinese Season 1, Lesson 12 - Asking What Someone is Doing. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to ask and answer the question What are you doing? in Chinese.
Body
Eric: Here's the informal way to ask "What are you doing?" in Chinese.
Cho: [Normal] 你在干嘛?(nǐ zài gàn ma?)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "you"
Cho: [Normal] 你 [Slow] 你 (nǐ)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to exist, to be doing something." This word will make the following verb in the present continuous tense.
Cho: [Normal] 在 [Slow] 在(zài)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to do"
Cho: [Normal] 干 [Slow] 干(gàn)
Eric: Last is the word meaning “what”.
Cho: [Normal] 嘛 [Slow] 嘛(ma)
Eric: Listen again to the informal question meaning "What are you doing?"
Cho: [Slow] 你在干嘛? [Normal] 你在干嘛?
Eric: Now, imagine you're speaking to a stranger. Here's the formal way to ask, "What are you doing?"
Cho: [Normal] 你在做什么?(nǐ zài zuò shénme?)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "you"
Cho: [Normal] 你 [Slow] 你 (nǐ)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to exist, to be doing something"
Cho: [Normal] 在 [Slow] 在(zài)
Eric: Followed by the verb meaning “to do"
Cho: [Normal] 做 [Slow] 做(zuò)
Eric: Last is the word for "what"
Cho: [Normal] 什么 [Slow] 什么(shénme)
Eric: Listen again to the formal question meaning "What are you doing?"
Cho: [Slow] 你在做什么? [Normal] 你在做什么?
Eric: Here's a response meaning "I am studying."
Cho: [Normal] 我在学习。(wǒ zài xuéxí.)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "I"
Cho: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我(wǒ)
Eric: Next is the verb meaning "to exist, to be doing something"
Cho: [Normal] 在 [Slow] 在(zài)
Eric: Last is the verb meaning "to study"
Cho: [Normal] 学习 [Slow] 学习(xuéxí)
Eric: Listen again to the response meaning "I am studying."
Cho: [Slow] 我在学习。 [Normal] 我在学习。
Eric: Here's a response meaning, "I'm doing nothing special."
Cho: [Normal] 我没做什么。(wǒ méi zuò shénme.)
Eric: First is a pronoun meaning "I"
Cho: [Normal] 我 [Slow] 我(wǒ)
Eric: Next is the word meaning "not"
Cho: [Normal] 没 [Slow] 没(méi)
Eric: Followed by the verb meaning "to do"
Cho: [Normal] 做 [Slow] 做(zuò)
Eric: Last is the word for "what” or ”something"
Cho: [Normal] 什么 [Slow] 什么(shénme)
Eric: Listen again to the response meaning "I'm doing nothing special."
Cho: [Slow] 我没做什么。 [Normal] 我没做什么。
Cultural Insight
Eric: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Cho: 在 (Zài) is one of the common Chinese words used to express location. For example, you can use the word zài, to tell a friend where your house is. If you say wǒ jiā zài huāyuán Jiē, you are saying, “I live at Garden Street.” You can replace huāyuán Jiē, meaning “Garden Street,” with any place name to tell someone where you live.

Outro

Eric: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!
Cho: 再见

12 Comments

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ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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What are you doing while listening to this lesson?

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:07 PM
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Hello Byron,


Thank you for your comment. 没 is short for 没有, it's used to indicate that something did not happen. 不 is used to talk about something that one doesn't want to or intend to do.


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Ngai

Team ChineseClass101.com

Byron
Friday at 11:39 PM
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Why was 没 used instead of 不 in "我没做什么"? Thanks.

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 03:25 PM
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Hello Ryan,


Thank you for your comment, we're glad to hear that! 😄


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Ngai Lam

Team ChineseClass101.com

Ryan
Tuesday at 10:58 PM
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Listening to this usually when driving. Sometimes at work. Really enjoying studying Chinese

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 11:02 PM
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Hello robert groulx,


Thank you for your comment. We hope you enjoyed it!


Keep going! And let us know if you have any questions.


Ngai Lam

Team ChineseClass101.com

robert groulx
Wednesday at 12:27 AM
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thank you for the lesson transcript


i am trying to study in lost times


robert

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:18 PM
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Hi, Efrem,


Exactly!

Keep on working!


Cho

Team ChineseClass101.com

Efrem
Monday at 04:19 AM
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我在学习。

Steven
Saturday at 05:30 AM
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Moving to Hong Kong in July on the 10th to celebrate my sweetest happiest 17th Chinese birthday in the Cantonese hotel

Chineseclass101.com Verified
Friday at 07:41 PM
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Hi learn language.


That's great!


Keep up the good work and in case you have any doubts, we're here to help :wink:


Cristiane

Team Chineseclass101.com