Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
David: Welcome to chineseclass101.com. I am David.
Echo: Hi! 大家好,我是(Dàjiā hǎo, wǒ shì)Echo.
David: With us, you will learn to speak Chinese with fun and effective lessons.
Echo: We will also provide you with cultural insights.
David: And tips that you won’t find in the textbook. Today we are happy to bring you absolute beginner season 2, lesson 16.
Echo: The stolen purse.
David: In this lesson, we are going to teach you how not to lose things in China.
Echo: Right and this conversation takes place over the phone.
David: Right and this is between two friends who are talking about a stolen purse of course.
Echo: Yes. And they are speaking casual mandarin.
David: As always. Now we are going to take you to the dialogue. Before we do, we want to remind you, we have got a great 1 on 1 tutoring service. If you are interested in practicing Chinese, we will even give you a free trial so you can see what it’s like to talk to one of our teachers on the phone.
Echo: Yeah.
David: If you are interested, send us an email at contactus@chineseclass101.com.
Echo: And we are looking forward to hearing from you.
David: Absolutely. Let’s get to the dialogue.
DIALOGUE
A: 我的钱包丢了。(Wǒ de qiánbāo diū le. )
B: 怎么丢的?(Zěnme diū de? )
A: 被偷了。(Bèi tōu le. )
B: 你真倒霉。(Nǐ zhēn dǎoméi. )
David: One more time, a bit slower.
A: 我的钱包丢了。(Wǒ de qiánbāo diū le. )
B: 怎么丢的?(Zěnme diū de? )
A: 被偷了。(Bèi tōu le. )
B: 你真倒霉。(Nǐ zhēn dǎoméi. )
David: And now, with the English translation.
A: 我的钱包丢了。(Wǒ de qiánbāo diū le.)
A: I lost my purse.
B: 怎么丢的?(Zěnme diū de?)
B: How did you lose it?
A: 被偷了。(Bèi tōu le.)
A: It was stolen.
B: 你真倒霉。(Nǐ zhēn dǎoméi.)
B: You're really unfortunate.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
David: so a purse and wallet is actually the same thing.
Echo: Yes.
David: It’s just a money back.
Echo: Yeah.
David: Right. So if you are a man, if you are a woman, this is the word you need.
Echo: 钱包.(Qiánbāo.) How easy.
David: Yeah now I have actually been pretty lucky. I lose cell phones but I don’t lose anything else.
Echo: Yeah but because you don’t have 钱包.(Qiánbāo.)
David: That’s true.
Echo: Maybe you lose money but not 钱包.(Qiánbāo.)
David: Any way our vocab for today is all about stuff that is frequently lost.
Echo: Yes.
David: Okay. So let’s get right to that.
VOCAB LIST
David: And now the vocab section.
Echo: 钱包(Qiánbāo) [natural native speed]
David: Wallet.
Echo: 钱包(Qiánbāo) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Echo: 钱包(Qiánbāo) [natural native speed]
Echo: 手机(Shǒujī) [natural native speed]
David: Cell phone.
Echo: 手机(Shǒujī) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Echo: 手机(Shǒujī) [natural native speed]
Echo: 自行车(Zìxíngchē) [natural native speed]
David: Bicycle.
Echo: 自行车(Zìxíngchē) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Echo: 自行车(Zìxíngchē) [natural native speed]
Echo: 钥匙(Yàoshi) [natural native speed]
David: Keys.
Echo: 钥匙(Yàoshi) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Echo: 钥匙(Yàoshi) [natural native speed]
Echo: 丢(Diū) [natural native speed]
David: To lose.
丢(Diū) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
丢(Diū) [natural native speed]
Echo: 偷(Tōu) [natural native speed]
David: To steal.
Echo: 偷(Tōu) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Echo: 偷(Tōu) [natural native speed]
Echo: 倒霉(Dǎoméi) [natural native speed]
David: Unlucky.
Echo: 倒霉(Dǎoméi) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Echo: 倒霉(Dǎoméi) [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
David: The first thing we want to focus on in our vocab section is those two verbs.
Echo: 丢。(Diū.)
David: To lose
Echo: 丢。(Diū.)
David: It also means to get lost.
Echo: Right 丢。(Diū.)
David: So when we say my cell phone is lost.
Echo: 我的手机丢了。(Wǒ de shǒujī diūle.)
David: That means the same thing as I lost my cell phone.
Echo: Right 我的手机丢了。(Wǒ de shǒujī diūle.)
David: Right. 丢(Diū) is something that happens to things. So maybe to have disappeared.
Echo: Right.
David: The next verb.
Echo: 偷。(Tōu.)
David: Is more unlucky.
Echo: Yeah.
David: Yeah it means to steal.
Echo: 偷。(Tōu.)
David: The rest of our vocab section is really items that frequently disappear or get stolen. First we’ve got wallet.
Echo: 钱包。(Qiánbāo.)
David: Which is also purse.
Echo: 钱包。(Qiánbāo.)
David: And that’s literally a money.
Echo: 钱。(Qián.)
David: Bag.
Echo: 包。(Bāo.)
David: Money bag.
Echo: 钱包。(Qiánbāo.)
David: Purse or wallet.
Echo: Right. 我买了一个新钱包。(Wǒ mǎile yīgè xīn qiánbāo.)
David: I bought a new purse.
Echo: 我买了一个新钱包。(Wǒ mǎile yīgè xīn qiánbāo.)
David: Right. I bought a new money bag.
Echo: Yeah.
David: So as I have mentioned, I frequently lose this next item.
Echo: 手机。(Shǒujī.)
David: Cell phone.
Echo: 手机。(Shǒujī.)
David: Or mobile phone.
Echo: 手机。我的手机被偷了。(Shǒujī. Wǒ de shǒujī bèi tōule.)
David: My cell phone was stolen.
Echo: 我的手机被偷了。(Wǒ de shǒujī bèi tōule.)
David: My cell phone was stolen. Let’s change that sentence to say my cell phone went missing.
Echo: 我的手机丢了。(Wǒ de shǒujī diūle.)
David: My cell phone disappeared.
Echo: 我的手机丢了。(Wǒ de shǒujī diūle.)
David: So we can hear the difference between
Echo: 丢(Diū)
David: And
Echo: 偷。(Tōu.)
David: Right there. Next we have the word bicycle.
Echo: 自行车。(Zìxíngchē.)
David: He lost his bicycle.
Echo: 他的自行车丢了。(Tā de zìxíngchē diūle.)
David: He lost his bicycle.
Echo: 他的自行车丢了。(Tā de zìxíngchē diūle.)
David: And once I didn’t lose the bike, but I lost the keys to the lock.
Echo: Okay 钥匙。(Yàoshi.)
David: Keys.
Echo: 钥匙。(Yàoshi.)
David: Fortunately it was a very, very cheap bike.
Echo: Yeah but you can ask someone to open it for you?
David: 小偷。(Xiǎotōu.)
Echo: We will have like professional people to open the lock.
David: Yeah well it was a cheap bike. So I had to get someone to come by and open the lock. Anyway, that’s our vocab section for today. To review, we have wallet.
Echo: 钱包。(Qiánbāo.)
David: Cell phone.
Echo: 手机。(Shǒujī.)
David: Bicycle.
Echo: 自行车。(Zìxíngchē.)
David: Keys
Echo: 钥匙。(Yàoshi.)
David: And we also have the two verbs
Echo: 丢。(Diū.)
David: and
Echo: 偷。(Tōu.)

Lesson focus

David: Our grammar focus this lesson is on
Echo: 怎么。(Zěnme.)
David: This means how
Echo: 怎么。(Zěnme.)
David: We use this to ask how an action is done.
Echo: Like in dialogue, we see this sentence. 怎么丢的?(Zěnme diū de?)
David: How did you lose it?
Echo: 怎么丢的?(Zěnme diū de?)
David: Note that we put 怎么(Zěnme) right before a verb.
Echo: 丢。(Diū.)
David: And then we are following it with
Echo: 的。(De.)
David: As in how was it lost?
Echo: 怎么丢的?(Zěnme diū de?)
David: Or how do you use it?
Echo: 怎么用的?(Zěnme yòng de?)
David: We can also put our subject in front of 怎么。(Zěnme.)
Echo: 你怎么丢的?(Nǐ zěnme diū de?)
David: How did you lose it?
Echo: 你怎么丢的?(Nǐ zěnme diū de?)
David: How did you lose it or how do you use this?
Echo: 这个怎么用?(Zhège zěnme yòng?)
David: How do you use this?
Echo: 这个怎么用?(Zhège zěnme yòng?)
David: There are some verbs in Chinese that are associated with thinking or believing. A good example is the verb to wish.
Echo: 想。(Xiǎng.)
David: To wish.
Echo: 想。(Xiǎng.)
David: In previous lessons, we have taught you that these kind of verbs can go right in front of other verbs.
Echo: Right.
David: Like I wish to use.
Echo: 我想用。(Wǒ xiǎng yòng.)
David: I wish to do.
Echo: 我想做。(Wǒ xiǎng zuò.)
David: Here is a tip. When we want to use
Echo: 怎么。(Zěnme.)
David: We have to put it in between these two verbs.
Echo: Right.
David: As with the sentence
Echo: 你想怎么做?(Nǐ xiǎng zěnme zuò?)
David: How do you feel like doing this?
Echo: 你想怎么做?(Nǐ xiǎng zěnme zuò?)
David: Or literally you to feel how to do. One more example.
Echo: 我不知道怎么办。(Wǒ bù zhīdào zěnme bàn.)
David: I don’t know what to do.
Echo: 我不知道怎么办。(Wǒ bù zhīdào zěnme bàn.)
David: I don’t know what to do. So in review.
Echo: 怎么。(Zěnme.)
David: Is a very powerful word. Grammatically we are going to put it in front of verbs.
Echo: Right.
David: As in the sentence.
Echo: 这个怎么用?(Zhège zěnme yòng?)
David: How do you use this or in the past tense.
Echo: 你怎么丢的?(Nǐ zěnme diū de?)
David: How did you lose it? When you have chained verbs, you want to break those up and put them right in the middle.
Echo: Right like 你想怎么做?(Nǐ xiǎng zěnme zuò?)
David: Or
Echo: 我不知道怎么办。(Wǒ bù zhīdào zěnme bàn.)

Outro

David: If you are interested in more detail on how to use 怎么(Zěnme), you should check out our premium PDF for this lesson.
Echo: Yeah.
David: It has an extensive grammar note with sample sentences and it will help explain some things we haven’t had time to touch on in this podcast.
Echo: Right.
David: For now though, that’s our lesson for today. Thanks a lot for listening and if you have any questions Echo.
Echo: You can always leave the comment on the site or write to us at contactus@chineseclass101.com
David: Right and we are looking forward to hearing from you. Take care.
Echo: Bye, bye.

Grammar

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21 Comments

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ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Is losing a purse, the same as having a purse stolen?

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:01 PM
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Hello 美華,


Thank you for your comment. 丢 means something is lost, gone.


You can say: 我在家里总是丢我的钥匙和手机。=> 我总是在家里丢我的钥匙和手机。


Let us know if you have any questions.


Ngai

Team ChineseClass101.com

美華
Saturday at 09:56 AM
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Typing error. I meant to say in that last line, "I always lose my KEYS and phone around the house." NOT purse.

美華
Saturday at 09:54 AM
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Chinese101, no it isn't the same thing to lose a purse and have a purse stolen. In the former you could have just misplaced it and will find it again but in the latter someone has deliberately taken it and the chances of getting it back are less likely. Is that the same in Chinese?

Example:

有人偷了我的钱包。(Yǒurén tōule wǒ de qiánbāo) = Someone stole my purse. [indicates probably won't get it back]

我丢了我的钱包。(Wǒ diū le wǒ de qiánbāo) = I lost my wallet. [indicates it was you're own fault and you can probably find it again]


Is it grammatically correct to say, 我在家里总是丢我的钥匙和手机。(Wǒ zài jiālǐ zǒng shì diū wǒ de yàoshi hé shǒujī) = I always lose my purse and phone around the house.


谢谢

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 08:58 PM
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Hello Annie,


Thank you for your comment. 了 le doesn't equal to past tense, 了 le is used to indicate completion. In this sentence "Zěnme diū de", we're asking about the details of a past event, the 的 de at the end of this sentence emphasizes on "how" it happened.


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Ngai

Team ChineseClass101.com

Annie
Monday at 09:09 AM
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Hi,

Please explain why it is "Nǐ zěnme diū de"? instead of "Nǐ zěnme diū le"? as this is past tense

Xiexie!

Annie

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Wednesday at 02:04 AM
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Hello SK,


Thank you for your comment. You can treat zěnme bàn as a set phrase, meaning "what to do", as in how to handle something.

Yes zuò and bàn both mean "to do".


If you have any questions, please let us know.


Ngai

Team ChineseClass101.com

SK
Saturday at 06:39 PM
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Why is "I don't know what to do" "Wǒ bù zhīdào zěnme bà " wouldn't that mean "I don't know how to do" since "shenme" is what and "zěnme" is how. Also "bà" and "zuò" do they both mean "to do" ?

Thank you very much

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Saturday at 08:45 PM
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你好 robert groulx!


不用谢。(Bú yòng xiè.) = No need for thanks. You're welcome. 😇


谢谢 (Xièxie) for studying with us, it's great to have you here!


Let us know if you have any questions.


Kind regards,

雷文特 (Levente)

Team ChineseClass101.com

robert groulx
Wednesday at 11:26 PM
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thank you for the lesson transcript


favorite phrase is 你想怎么做?


robert

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 11:04 PM
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Hi, Robin Aung,


怎么+Verb+的 = How did something be done

怎么+Verb = How to do something

E.g. 钱包是怎么丢的?=How did the wallet be lost? → How did you lost the wallet?

  怎么丢垃圾?= How to throw the garbage away?


Cho

Team ChineseClass101.com