Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
David: So we’ve got a dialogue that takes place on someone’s birthday.
Sylvia: Or maybe not.
David: Yes. Whose birthday? We are not sure.
Sylvia: Right.
David: But we are going to listen to the dialogue and find out
DIALOGUE
A: 祝你生日快乐!(Zhù nǐ shēngrì kuàilè !)
B: 今天不是我的生日。(Jīntiān bùshì wǒde shēngrì.)
A: 那,怎么有蛋糕?(Nà, zěnme yǒu dàngāo?)
B: 啊,这个?这是披萨。(Ā, zhège? Zhè shì pīsà.)
David: One more time a bit slower.
A: 祝你生日快乐!(Zhù nǐ shēngrì kuàilè !)
B: 今天不是我的生日。(Jīntiān bùshì wǒde shēngrì.)
A: 那,怎么有蛋糕?(Nà, zěnme yǒu dàngāo?)
B: 啊,这个?这是披萨。(Ā, zhège? Zhè shì pīsà.)
David: And now with the English translation.
Sylvia: 祝你生日快乐!(Zhù nǐ shēngrì kuàilè !)
David: Wishing you a happy birthday!
Sylvia: 今天不是我的生日。(Jīntiān bùshì wǒde shēngrì.)
David: Today is not my birthday.
Sylvia: 那,怎么有蛋糕?(Nà, zěnme yǒu dàngāo?)
David: Then, why is there a cake?
Sylvia: 啊,这个?这是披萨。(Ā, zhège? Zhè shì pīsà.)
David: Ar? This? This is pizza.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
David: And I have to say I believe this because I have seen some awful pizzas in China.
Sylvia: They are like Birthday cake.
David: Well the worst was a fruit pizza.
VOCAB LIST
Sylvia: 祝(zhù) [natural native speed]
David: to wish, to bless
Sylvia: 祝(zhù) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sylvia: 祝(zhù) [natural native speed]
Sylvia: 生日(shēngrì) [natural native speed]
David: birthday
Sylvia: 生日(shēngrì) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sylvia: 生日(shēngrì) [natural native speed]
Sylvia: 今天(jīntiān) [natural native speed]
David: today
Sylvia: 今天(jīntiān) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sylvia: 今天(jīntiān) [natural native speed]
Sylvia: 快乐(kuàilè) [natural native speed]
David: happy
Sylvia: 快乐(kuàilè) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sylvia: 快乐(kuàilè) [natural native speed]
Sylvia: 蛋糕(dàn gāo) [natural native speed]
David: cake
Sylvia: 蛋糕(dàn gāo) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sylvia: 蛋糕(dàn gāo) [natural native speed]
Sylvia: 蜡烛(làzhú) [natural native speed]
David: candle
Sylvia: 蜡烛(làzhú) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sylvia: 蜡烛(làzhú) [natural native speed]
Sylvia: 披萨(pī sà) [natural native speed]
David: pizza
Sylvia: 披萨(pī sà) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sylvia: 披萨(pī sà) [natural native speed]
Sylvia: 怎么(zěnme) [natural native speed]
David: how
Sylvia: 怎么(zěnme) [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Sylvia: 怎么(zěnme) [natural native speed]
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
David: Let’s take a closer look at some of these words and phrases. The most important word here is birthday 生日(shēngrì), birthday 生日(shēngrì).
Sylvia: Another word very important in the sentence is 快乐.(kuàilè.)
David: Happiness 快乐.(kuàilè.) So you could say I am very happy 我很快乐(Wǒ hěn kuàilè). I am extremely happy 我非常快乐.(Wǒ fēicháng kuàilè.)
Sylvia: Or 我太快乐了.(Wǒ tài kuàilèle.)
David: Because it’s my birthday, haha.
Sylvia: Right.
David: So that’s an adjective and we can use it anywhere we can use another adjective. In addition to happy birthday, we will also hear Merry Christmas 圣诞快乐(Shèngdàn kuàilè) Merry Christmas 圣诞快乐.(Shèngdàn kuàilè.) You will also hear this for Happy New Year 新年快乐(Xīnnián kuàilè) or if you are Chinese, Happy Chinese New Year 春节快乐.(Chūnjié kuàilè.) So the key word here is 快乐(Kuàilè) and we use this with holidays and celebrations.

Lesson focus

David: Our grammar point today is talking about how to wish people well.
Sylvia: And here is the verb 祝.(Zhù.)
David: Right. Our sentence pattern is 祝(Zhù) plus someone’s name or the pronoun you and then the rest of the greeting. In the dialogue, we hear this in this line. 祝你生日快乐!(Zhù nǐ shēngrì kuàilè!)Wishing you happy birthday, 祝你生日快乐!(Zhù nǐ shēngrì kuàilè !) and that’s actually the song – the birthday song in Chinese. Sylvia? Can you sing it for us?
Sylvia: 祝你生日快乐!(Zhù nǐ shēngrì kuàilè!)It’s an international song, I know.
David: Yeah the melody is exactly the same as the happy birthday song.
Sylvia: Right.
David: They just changed the words to 祝你生日快乐(Zhù nǐ shēngrì kuàilè). Right okay. We are not going to embarrass you any more Sylvia. The key message here actually though is those first two characters 祝你(zhù nǐ) wishing you, 祝你(zhù nǐ). for instance wishing you happy New Year 祝你新年快乐!(Zhù nǐ Xīnnián kuàilè!) Wishing you a happy new year 祝你新年快乐!(Zhù nǐ Xīnnián kuàilè!) Wishing you a Merry Christmas 祝你圣诞快乐!(Zhù nǐ Shèngdàn kuàilè!) Wishing you a Merry Christmas 祝你圣诞快乐!(Zhù nǐ Shèngdàn kuàilè!) And often if you mean someone well, you can just say wishing you good health 祝你身体健康!(Zhù nǐ shēntǐ jiànkāng!) Wishing you a body that’s healthy 祝你身体健康!(Zhù nǐ shēntǐ jiànkāng!) Also wishing you happiness 祝你幸福!(zhù nǐ xìngfú!) which is a great way to finish a letter wishing you happiness 祝你幸福!(Zhù nǐ xìngfú!). So a really simple sentence pattern you are going to use again and again.
Sylvia: Yes.
David: The verb to wish 祝(zhù) plus you 你(nǐ) and then the rest of your message. Wishing you a happy birthday 祝你生日快乐!(Zhù nǐ shēngrì kuàilè !)

Outro

9 Comments

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ChineseClass101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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When is your birthday? Do you know how to say it in Chinese?

ChineseClass101.comVerified
Monday at 12:52 pm
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Hi Alexis,


Thank you for your comment! We'll consider your feedback when we develop the future lessons! I'm gald to hear that you find it helpful-!


Jae

Team ChineseClass101.com

Alexis 亚历克西 (Yà lì kè xī)
Wednesday at 2:23 pm
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The highlight of this lesson was definitely Sylvia singing 祝你生日快乐. Nice voice. Not only was it fun, but I noticed that it really stuck almost immediately in my memory. I think using little songs could help us learn Chinese. If you can use some more in the future, it could really be helpful!

Team ChineseClass101.com
Monday at 8:00 pm
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Hi Tim,


Not really. In most cases, we base our age from our dates of birth.

Your wife's case is more like an exception. Is it possible that your wife didn't register her actual date of birth as her official birthday?:smile:


Chloe

Team ChineseClass101.com

Tim Bilodeau
Saturday at 1:06 pm
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A cultural note: The Chinese base their age from conception rather than their days of birth. My wife was born on November 14, but her passport has her age starting on February 12 of that year.

ChineseClass101.comVerified
Tuesday at 7:04 pm
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Hi Jori,


It's 你的生日是什么时候.


快乐 is more commonly used in spoken speech, while 愉快 is usually used to form set phrases like 周末愉快 (happy weekend).


Echo

Team ChineseClass101.com

Jori
Sunday at 11:01 am
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It's so funny that David got Sylvia to sing the birthday song :lol:


How do you ask "when is your birthday"? And what's the difference between 快乐 and 愉快?

Amber
Wednesday at 12:25 pm
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@marco,

对。


--Amber

marco
Monday at 1:40 am
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我的生日是九月二十四号!

你的生日是什么时候?


对了吗?