Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Damon: Hi everyone, I’m Damon.
Chloe: And I’m Chloe!
Damon: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Chinese Vocabulary, Lesson 11! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to society and culture. These are five Chinese historical figures. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at ChineseClass101.com.
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Damon: Chloe, what’s our first word?
Chloe: 秦始皇
Damon: Qin Shi Huang
Chloe: (slow) 秦始皇 (regular) 秦始皇
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 秦始皇
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: Qin Shi Huang was a pivotal figure in Chinese history. After unifying China, the imperial rule he set existed for nearly 2,000 years, and still has a profound influence in every aspect of Chinese society.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 秦始皇是中国历史上第一位皇帝。
Damon: Qin Shi Huang was the first emperor in Chinese history.
Chloe: (slow) 秦始皇是中国历史上第一位皇帝。
Damon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Chloe: 孔子
Damon: Confucius
Chloe: (slow) 孔子 (regular) 孔子
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 孔子
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: Confucius was a great thinker, teacher, philosopher, and politician of the Spring and Autumn period in Chinese history. Confucianism was developed by his followers from his teachings.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 孔子又被叫作孔夫子。
Damon: Confucius was also called Kong Fuzi (Master Kong).
Chloe: (slow) 孔子又被叫作孔夫子。
Damon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Chloe: 武则天
Damon: Empress Consort Wu
Chloe: (slow) 武则天 (regular) 武则天
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 武则天
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: Empress Consort Wu was the only woman who has ever ruled China in her own right. She married two emperors before coming into full power.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 武则天是中国历史上第一位女皇帝。
Damon: Empress Consort Wu was the first woman to become an empress of China.
Chloe: (slow) 武则天是中国历史上第一位女皇帝。
Damon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Chloe: 孙中山
Damon: Sun Yat-sen
Chloe: (slow) 孙中山 (regular) 孙中山
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 孙中山
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: Sun Yat-sen was the first president and the founder of the Republic of China. Often referred to as the "Father of the Nation," he was the pivotal leader of the Xinhai Revolution, which marked the end of imperial rule and brought in the air of democracy.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 为了纪念孙中山,他的故乡被命名为中山。
Damon: To commemorate Sun Yat-sen, his home town was named Zhongshan.
Chloe: (slow) 为了纪念孙中山,他的故乡被命名为中山。
Damon: Okay, what’s the last word?
Chloe: 毛泽东
Damon: Mao Zedong
Chloe: (slow) 毛泽东 (regular) 毛泽东
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 毛泽东
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: Mao Zedong was the founding father of the People's Republic of China. The Chinese commonly refer to him as Chairman Mao. Under Mao's leadership, China became a single-party socialist country.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 1949年,毛泽东在北京宣布中华人民共和国成立。
Damon: In 1949, Mao Zedong announced the establishment of the People's Republic of China in Beijing.
Chloe: (slow) 1949年,毛泽东在北京宣布中华人民共和国成立。
QUIZ
Damon: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Chloe will give you the Chinese – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Chloe: 秦始皇
[pause]Damon: Qin Shi Huang
Chloe: 孔子
[pause]Damon: Confucius
Chloe: 武则天
[pause]Damon: Empress Consort Wu
Chloe: 孙中山
[pause]Damon: Sun Yat-sen
Chloe: 毛泽东
[pause]Damon: Mao Zedong

Outro

Damon: There you have it – five historical figures in China! We have more vocab lists available at ChineseClass101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Chloe: 再见!

1 Comment

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
ChineseClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Do you know any other famous Chinese historical figure?