Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Damon: Hi everyone, I’m Damon.
Chloe: And I’m Chloe!
Damon: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Chinese Vocabulary, Lesson 20! In this lesson you'll learn five essential words related to health and emergencies. These are five natural disasters in China. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at ChineseClass101.com.
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Damon: Chloe, what’s our first word?
Chloe: 地震
Damon: earthquake
Chloe: (slow) 地震 (regular) 地震
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 地震
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: China has sustained earthquakes for thousands of years. Earthquakes often occur in southwestern, northwestern, and northern China.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 汶川地震是新中国成立以来最大的地震。
Damon: The Wenchuan earthquake was the biggest earthquake since the establishment of the People's Republic of China.
Chloe: (slow) 汶川地震是新中国成立以来最大的地震。
Damon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Chloe: 台风
Damon: typhoon
Chloe: (slow) 台风 (regular) 台风
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 台风
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: Coastal areas like Zhejiang, Fujian, and Guangdong are hit by a typhoon almost every year during the summer and autumn. Typhoons bring strong winds and storms, and many people suffer great losses from them.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 台风天不要出门。
Damon: Don't go out when a typhoon hits.
Chloe: (slow) 台风天不要出门。
Damon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Chloe: 洪水
Damon: flood
Chloe: (slow) 洪水 (regular) 洪水
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 洪水
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: China has seen floods more and more frequently in recent decades. Floods are especially devastating to people's lives and local economies because China is a country of agriculture.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 遇到洪水时要到高处躲避。
Damon: You should go to somewhere high to stay away from the flood.
Chloe: (slow) 遇到洪水时要到高处躲避。
Damon: Okay, what’s the next word?
Chloe: 沙尘暴
Damon: sandstorm
Chloe: (slow) 沙尘暴 (regular) 沙尘暴
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 沙尘暴
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: Sandstorms are a common natural disaster in northwestern China, which is covered by desert, and in northern China, where the Loess Plateau is located. They usually occur during the spring.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 沙尘暴不仅污染环境,而且对健康有害。
Damon: Sandstorms not only pollute the environment but also harm people's health.
Chloe: (slow) 沙尘暴不仅污染环境,而且对健康有害。
Damon: Okay, what’s the last word?
Chloe: 干旱
Damon: drought
Chloe: (slow) 干旱 (regular) 干旱
Damon: Listeners, please repeat:
Chloe: 干旱
[pause - 5 sec.]
Damon: China is a country where drought has long been a big headache for local governments. It destroys the soil, leaving nothing for farmers and causing great financial and environmental losses.
Damon: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Chloe: (normal) 干旱造成了粮食短缺。
Damon: The drought caused food shortages.
Chloe: (slow) 干旱造成了粮食短缺。
QUIZ
Damon: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Chloe will give you the Chinese – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Chloe: 地震
[pause]Damon: earthquake
Chloe: 台风
[pause]Damon: typhoon
Chloe: 洪水
[pause]Damon: flood
Chloe: 沙尘暴
[pause]Damon: sandstorm
Chloe: 干旱
[pause]Damon: drought

Outro

Damon: There you have it – five natural disasters in China! We have more vocab lists available at ChineseClass101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Chloe: 再见!

3 Comments

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ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Have you ever experienced any form of natural disaster? You can share your experience with us.

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 06:05 AM
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你好 robert groulx!


谢谢 for commenting. We are very happy to have you here. Let us know if you have any questions.


Kind regards,

雷文特 (Levente)

Team ChineseClass101.com

robert groulx
Saturday at 12:11 AM
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thanks for the lesson transcript


favorite disaster is 台风


robert