Dialogue

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Lesson Transcript

Start speaking Chinese in minutes and grasp the language, culture and customs in just minutes more with Chinese survival phrases, a completely new way to master the basics of Chinese. To get more Chinese lessons and for free, go to chineseclass101.com and sign up for your free lifetime account. Signing up takes less than a minute and you will find more great lessons just like this one. To get more of free Chinese lessons, go to chineseclass101.com, lesson 32.
All right guys. So you’re in China, you’ve got this sort of basic handle of Chinese but you want to learn more, you want to get more out of your time in China. So how can you do that? You need some sort of reference. You need ways to pull in more Chinese words. Now you could walk around with a dictionary and just spend all day reading the dictionary but a much more fun way, a much more interactive way is to be able to ask people how to say things. So today, we are going to go over the phrase, how do you say this in Chinese, all right? The first way we are going to do this is, if you have the object in front of you, if you are standing next to something and you want to know how to say it in Chinese, you point to the object and you say 这个用中文怎么说(Zhège yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?) All right guys. Let’s break this down by meaning. 这个(zhège) which we talked about before means this, 用(yòng) means using or to use, 中文(zhōngwén) means Chinese, 怎么(zěnme) means how and 说(shuō) means to say. All right, so altogether it is this using Chinese how do say or how do you say this in Chinese, 这个用中文怎么说(Zhège yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?) It still is a little bit slower, 这个用中文怎么说(Zhège yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?), one more time, 这个用中文怎么说(Zhège yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?) All right, let’s do the tones, 这个(zhège) is fourth tone and then no tone, 这个(zhège), then 用(yòng) is fourth tone, the falling tone, 中文(zhōngwén) is first tone flat tone followed by second tone, rising tone, 中文(zhōngwén), 怎么(zěnme) is third tone, the falling rising tone, then no tone on the me, 怎么(zěnme) and then last, 说(shuō) is flat tone, first tone, 说(shuō). 这个用中文怎么说(Zhège yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?) Now there are number of ways to say the word for the language Chinese. The most commonly used by Chinese people is probably 汉语(hànyǔ). This literally means the language of the Han Race, Han being the main race in China and 语(yǔ) meaning language. Most people when they are beginning though, they prefer to use the word 中文(zhōngwén), 中(zhōng)means middle and refers to China, the middle country and 文(wén) also means language. 中文(zhōngwén) is usually easier to pronounce for foreigners whereas 汉语(hànyǔ) involves sounds that English doesn’t actually have. So I would suggest that you use 中文(zhōngwén), but if somebody says 汉语(hànyǔ), you probably should know what they mean. 汉语(hànyǔ) is fourth tone, falling tone followed by third tone, the falling, rising tone. So it’s 汉语(hànyǔ), one more time, 汉语(hànyǔ), but remember guys, it might just be easier to say 中文(zhōngwén). All right, now what if you want to ask how to say something but that thing is not readily available. You are not standing anywhere near a boat but you want to know how to say boat. Well then you can just replace the 这个(zhège) this that we used in the last phrase with an English word. “Boat”用中文怎么说(“Boat” yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?) “Boat”用中文怎么说(“Boat” yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?), one more time, “Boat”用中文怎么说(“Boat” yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?). Now let’s try to make things a little confusing and let’s try with that 汉语(hànyǔ) word. Are you ready? “Boat”用汉语怎么说(“Boat” yòng hànyǔ zěnme shuō?). All right guys, I got to tell you, being in school was really useful but I learned most of my Chinese from friends just being on the street and hanging out and so this asking, this learning how to ask questions in Chinese becomes absolutely invaluable. In fact, it would be best to learn how to exist without a dictionary. Learning how to explain yourself in Chinese, learning how to ask questions you need to ask so that you never have to speak English. So you should take your trip to the mall as a chance to have an extra Chinese lesson. You go with your Chinese friend and you just walked on the isles going, hey how do you say this in Chinese? 这个用中文怎么说(Zhège yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?) Whenever you see something that you think you might have to use in the future, it might be a good time to ask about it, 这个用中文怎么说(Zhège yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?) Maybe you will forget it. In fact probably you will forget 60% to 70% of the things you learned but the second, the third time, the fourth time you ask, one of those times it’s got to stick and to go with this phrase, the invaluable phrase please one more time, 请再说一遍(Qǐng zàishuō yíbiàn.) All right guys, one more time, 请再说一遍(Qǐng zàishuō yíbiàn.) Last time guys, 请再说一遍(Qǐng zàishuō yíbiàn.) All right, let’s break it down first with the tones, 请(qǐng) is third tone, the falling rising tone, 再(zài) is fourth tone, the falling tone, 说(shuō) is first tone, the flat tone, 一(yī) is first tone [一(yī) will change to the second tone "yí" before a fourth tone word, so 一遍 pronounces "yíbiàn"], the flat tone and 遍(biàn) fourth tone, the falling tone. So one more time, 请再说一遍(Qǐng zàishuō yíbiàn.) All right, now let’s do the meanings, 请(qǐng) means please, I think we’ve already gone over that. 再(zài) means again, 说(shuō) means to say, 一(yī) is one and 遍(biàn) means once through or a time for something you are doing like watching a movie or reading a book. So literally it is please again say once more and that would be in proper English, please say it once again or can you say it again?
All right, to close our today’s lesson, we’d like you to practice what we’ve just learned. I will provide you with the English equivalent of a phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud. You will have a few seconds before I give you the answer. So 加油(Jiā yóu!) How do you say this in Chinese, 这个用中文怎么说(Zhège yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?) How do you say “boat” in Chinese, “Boat”用中文怎么说(“Boat” yòng zhōngwén zěnme shuō?) Please one more time, 请再说一遍(Qǐng zàishuō yíbiàn.).
Remember to go to chineseclass101.com and sign up for your free lifetime account. Signing up takes less than 1 minute and you will find more great lessons just like this one. Chinese survival phrases will have you speaking with proper pronunciation and arm you with cultural insights and other information to utterly shock and amaze your friends, teachers, colleagues and the people you meet along the way.

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ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Don't forget, you can learn Chinese, using Chinese!

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 01:15 AM
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你好 robert groulx,


谢谢 for posting and studying with us. If you have any questions, please let us know.😄


Kind regards,

雷文特 (Levente)

Team ChineseClass101.com

robert groulx
Monday at 12:24 AM
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thank you forv the leson transcript


再(zài) means again,


robert

zhouli
Friday at 04:35 PM
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@蓝大卫,

:smile:

蓝大卫
Friday at 03:00 PM
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@zhouli, Renny


我忘了“会”:smile:

zhouli
Friday at 12:42 PM
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@蓝大卫,

haha, i would say, 我会说一点儿广东话。Wǒ huì shuō yīdiǎnr guǎngdōnghuà。

蓝大卫
Thursday at 11:37 PM
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I forgot is: 我忘了。 wǒ wàng le


Cantonese is 广东话 guǎngdōnghuà


Cantonese is hard: 广东话很难。guǎngdōnghuà hěn nán.


I know a little Cantonese: 我说一点广东话。wǒ shuō yīdiǎn guǎngdōnghuà That's with my Taiwan accent。:smile:)


I think our CC101 friends would say it like this: 我说点儿广东话。

wǒ shuō diǎnr guǎngdōnghuà


对吗?


IMO, not only is Cantonese very hard with more tones than Mandarin,

it doesn't sound as beautiful as Mandarin.

Renny
Thursday at 11:25 PM
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Good phrase to know i usually Forget.

so my question is how do you say I forgot in chinese.

also how do you say "cantonese" for sentences like

I know some cantonese or cantonese is hard.

Amber
Wednesday at 04:27 AM
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Kevin,


That was always my method as well. It really works!

Kevin
Tuesday at 09:24 AM
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While I'm in China or going out with my Chinese friends I keep a little moleskin notebook and pen in my pocket so I can write down any new words I learn. That way i can go back and review later.

蓝大卫
Monday at 10:15 PM
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Alternatively, it is a good way to interact with merchants, especially if you

want to buy something. I learned 蛋饼 that way in Taiwan. It was delicious.


Most people are very understanding and helpful when you want to learn their language. I've also noticed that Chinese friends love to test what you've learned, so what Frank is suggesting isn't at all far-fetched.