Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
David:
: Welcome to ChineseClass101.com. I'm David.
Amber:
大家好,我是安伯。
David:
: And we’re here today with Upper Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 11 - Listen to your Chinese personal trainer.
Amber:
对,这节课是关于锻炼的。
David:
: Right, it’s about exercising.
Amber:
锻炼。
David:
: So we’ve got a dialogue here that’s between someone who’s new to the gym and their personal trainer.
Amber:
对。
David:
: Okay? This is casual Mandarin, as always, let’s get to the dialogue.
Amber:
现在听对话吧!
DIALOGUE
A:
好,现在去跑步。
B:
我累了。可以休息吗?
A:
别停,跑步机在这儿。
B:
我都出汗了。
A:
你想减肥,就听我的。
B:
好......我们继续锻炼。
A:
OK, now go run.
B:
I'm tired. Can I have a rest?
A:
Don't stop, here is the treadmill.
B:
I'm already sweating.
A:
If you want to lose weight, listen to me.
B:
OK, let's continue to exercise.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
David:
: So this lesson is about losing weight, it’s about going to the gym…
Amber:
唔,去健身房。
David:
: Yeah, you know, I think that this trainer may not be an expert though.
Amber:
为什么?
David:
: I mean it’s not very helpful, is it? “Okay, go get on the treadmill. I'm going to stay here.” Anyway, our vocabulary today, it’s all about going to the gym and working out, in case you have a trainer yourself.
VOCAB LIST
Amber:
减肥。
David:
: To lose weight.
Amber:
减 肥, 减肥, 锻炼。
David:
: To exercise.
Amber:
锻 炼, 锻炼, 跑步。
David:
: To run.
Amber:
跑 步, 跑步, 累。
David:
: Tired.
Amber:
累, 累, 休息。
David:
: To rest.
Amber:
休 息, 休息, 跑步机。
David:
: Treadmill.
Amber:
跑 步 机, 跑步机, 出汗。
David:
: To sweat.
Amber:
出 汗, 出汗, 继续。
David:
: To continue.
Amber:
继 续, 继续。
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
David:
: Let’s have a closer look some of these words and phrases. The first word we want to highlight is the word “to exercise”.
Amber:
锻炼。
David:
: To exercise.
Amber:
锻炼。
David:
: Let’s hear that slowly.
Amber:
锻 炼。
David:
: Now, there’s another word we told you earlier, which also means to exercise.
Amber:
运动。
David:
: Right. Amber, what’s the difference?
Amber:
锻炼是更正式。
David:
: Right. It’s a bit more formal. It’s also in a gym.
Amber:
没错。
David:
: Whereas…
Amber:
运动。
David:
: Is more for sports.
Amber:
没错, 你可以在外面跑步什么的。
David:
: Right. So you’re running outside, you’re…
Amber:
运动。
David:
: And if you’re running on a…
Amber:
跑步机。
David:
: Then you’re…
Amber:
锻炼。
David:
: Let’s hear some examples.
Amber:
我去外面运动。
David:
: I'm going to exercise outside.
Amber:
我去外面运动。
David:
: I'm going to exercise outside.
Amber:
或者我们可以说 我在跑步机上锻炼。
David:
: I'm exercising on the running machine.
Amber:
我在跑步机上锻炼。
David:
: Let’s take a look at that word - "the treadmill”, “the running machine”.
Amber:
跑步机。
David:
: That’s literally the word for running, “to run”.
Amber:
跑步。
David:
: And then the word for “machine”.
Amber:
机。
David:
: Treadmill.
Amber:
跑步机。
David:
: I'm going to run on the treadmill.
Amber:
我去跑步机上跑步。
David:
: Right. “I'm going to run on the treadmill”.
Amber:
我去跑步机上跑步。
David:
: Right.
Amber:
很好记,其实就是跑步的机器。
David:
: And the word for lots of machines are verbs plus this 机 as in 机器.
Amber:
对,比如说收音机。
David:
: Radio.
Amber:
录音机。
David:
: Right, that would be “a recording device”.
Amber:
对。
David:
: Our next word is “to sweat”.
Amber:
出汗。
David:
: To sweat.
Amber:
出汗。
David:
: This literally means “to come out sweat”.
Amber:
对, 汗出来。
David:
: Right. Now, when you’ve worked out for a while and you’re sweating, you’re also going to get tired.
Amber:
累。
David:
: Tired.
Amber:
累。
David:
: I'm very tired.
Amber:
我很累。
David:
: Quick reminder, this is physically tired, it’s not sleepy.
Amber:
对,没错。
David:
: Right. If you’re sleepy, you’re another adjective.
Amber:
没错, 困。
David:
: Right. Both of them are fourth tone though. Remember, when you work out you get tired.
Amber:
累。
David:
: And with that, let’s move on to our grammar section.
LESSON FOCUS
M2:
It’s grammar time!
David:
: Our grammar section today is about a common pattern we can use with an adverb.
Amber:
都什么什么了。
David:
: Right. If you remember, in our last lesson we taught you this adverb.
Amber:
根本。
David:
: Which means “fundamentally”, “at heart”.
Amber:
没错。
David:
: And we taught you to put this adverb in front of verbs.
Amber:
比如说 我根本不知道。
David:
: “I didn’t know at all,” right? “I really didn’t know.”
Amber:
唔,没错, 没错, 我根本不知道。
David:
: Right. So in this structure, the character…
Amber:
都。
David:
: Is also an adverb. We’re going to put this in front of verbs.
Amber:
没错。
David:
: And then we’re going to add this particle.
Amber:
了。
David:
: Right. And this has a special meaning. Let’s take a look at this sentence from our dialogue.
Amber:
我都出汗了。
David:
: I'm already sweating.
Amber:
我都出汗了。
David:
: Or, literally, “I’ve sweated so much, I'm all wet.”
Amber:
没错。
David:
: In previous lessons, we’ve learned that this 都 means “all”, right? So if you look at it literally, it doesn’t make sense.
Amber:
没错。
David:
: I all to sweat lot.
Amber:
对, 因为只有我一个人,怎么是 “all” 了!
David:
: Yes, so it’s just you. How can it be all? It’s not all. What it means here is it means “already” or “completely”.
Amber:
对,没错, 已经,比如说我都出汗了。
David:
: Right.
Amber:
就是我已经出汗了。
David:
: Right. “I'm already sweated.”
Amber:
对。
David:
: And it means almost the same thing here as…
Amber:
已经。
David:
: Right. The difference is it’s not only you already done it, you’ve already done it to a great extent.
Amber:
没错。
David:
: Right. “ I am really sweating.”
Amber:
我都出汗了。
David:
: “I'm really tired.”
Amber:
我都累了。
David:
: Right. So 我都累了, it’s harder than 我已经累了.
Amber:
对,没错。
David:
:“I'm totally worn out.” For instance, “I’ve run for an hour. I'm totally exhausted.
Amber:
对,我已经跑了一个小时, 我都累了。
David:
: Right. “I’ve already run for an hour. I'm totally exhausted.”
Amber:
我已经跑了一个小时, 我都累了。
David:
: Right. Amber, let’s take a look at another example.
Amber:
好的,比如说已经12点了,我都困了。
David:
: It’s already 12. I'm completely exhausted.
Amber:
没错。
David:
: Saying “exhausted”, in Chinese it’s different. 困了 means “sleepy”, 累了means “physically tired”.
Amber:
没错。
David:
: Let’s hear these three sentences one more time.
Amber:
好! 我都出汗了。
David:
: I'm sweating all over.
Amber:
我已经跑了一个小时, 我都累了
David:
: I’ve already been running for an hour, I'm fatigued.
Amber:
已经12点了,我都困了。
David:
: It’s already 12 o’clock, I'm very sleepy.
Amber:
对。
David:
: So, remember, in this pattern…
Amber:
都什么什么了。
David:
: Right, it’s not just 么什么, we’ve got a verb stuffed in there.
Amber:
对, 一个动词, 对。
David:
: We’re not meaning all, we mean already.
Amber:
已经。
David:
: And it implies also “completely” and “thoroughly”.
Amber:
没错。
OUTRO
David:
: As always, we’ve taken this and we’ve put it in our premium transcripts for this lesson. So if you have any questions, if you want to review the vocab, be sure to go to our Premium Learning Center and download the transcripts.
Amber:
没错 , It’s an easy way to review.
David:
: Right, and a really convenient one. And if you have any questions, you can leave a note on our site and we will get back to you.
Amber:
没错。
David:
: For now, though, we’re out of time. Thank you for listening. From Beijing, I'm David.
Amber:
我是安伯。
David:
: And we’ll see you on the site.
Amber:
下次见吧。

5 Comments

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ChineseClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Monday at 5:42 pm
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Hi Paula,

I hope now it is not too late to tell you how to say “I will run very fast” in Chinese.😜
You can say “我一定能跑得很快。”, which literally means “I absolutely will run very fast”. This is more like a mantra, like you said, or self encouragement.

Hope you enjoyed the half-marathon!

Yinru
Team ChineseClass101.com

Paula
Monday at 9:43 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi,

I’m learning Chinese, but I’m actually still going through the Absolute Beginner lessons on this site. I came across this more advanced lesson searching the site for how to say “to run” in Chinese. Now I know it’s “跑步”. I am running a half-marathon in a couple of weeks from now and I’d like to know how to say “I will run very fast” in Chinese. I plan to say it often to myself during the race, kind of like a mantra, maybe it will help 😄. Would it be correct to say it like this: “我将跑步得很快”?

Thanks,
Paula

Tuesday at 1:38 pm
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Hi Herman,

这是我们网站的一个节目名字,不是中文词😀

Echo
Team ChineseClass101.com

Monday at 8:51 pm
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老师请问 ‘gengo’ 的意思是什?

这个课文很好。 鼓励我们每天要抽出时间来运动或者来锻练。保持身体的健康。