Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
David: Welcome to ChineseClass101.com. I'm David.
Amber: 大家好,我是安伯。(Dàjiā hǎo, wǒ shì ān bó.)
David: And, Amber, we’ve got an Upper Beginner Lesson, Season 1, Lesson 22 - Don’t pester the Chinese bus driver.
Amber: 在中国别让司机生气。(Zài zhōngguó bié ràng sījī shēngqì.)
David: Right. So, we’ve got a dialogue here which takes place on a bus, between a passenger and a driver.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: And this is a bit of a fantasy dialogue cause I’ve never been on a bus in China where it’s been just me and the passenger.
Amber: 不可能。(Bù kěnéng.)
David: Sorry. And this is a bit of a fantasy dialogue because, in most situations, you’re not going to be chatting with the driver.
Amber: 没错,他没有时间。(Méi cuò, tā méiyǒu shíjiān.)
David: Yes, no time and there are too many people on the bus.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: So he may not even know you’re talking to him. That said, if you do come to China and you do end up chatting with a bus driver, this is what it’s going to sound like because this is the way Mandarin is actually spoken on the Mainland.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Let’s take a lesson.
DIALOGUE
A: 这车到西直门吗?(Zhè chē dào Xīzhímén ma?)
B: 到,上车吧。(Dào, shàngchē ba.)
A: 那动物园呢?(Nà dòngwùyuán ne?)
B: 一站地,快上车吧。(Yī zhàndì, kuài shàngchē ba.)
A: 清华大学也到吧?(Qīnghuádàxué yě dào ba?)
B: 终点站,你去哪儿?(Zhōngdiǎnzhàn, nǐ qù nǎr?)
A: 哪儿也不去,就问问。(Nǎr yě bù qù, jiù wènwen.)
A: Does this bus go to Xizhimen?
B: Yes it does, get on board.
A: Then, what about the Zoo?
B: It's one station. Quickly, get on.
A: It's also going to Qinghua University, right?
B: It's the terminal station. Where are you going?
A: Not going anywhere, just asking.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
David: Actually the bus system in most cities is really cryptic for anyone who’s not Chinese.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Right? Because they’ve got signs up at the bus stops, telling you all of the stops that the bus goes to.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: But, unless you’re from that city, you don’t know where these places are.
Amber: 对。(Duì.)
David: And even if you are from the city, very often, you won't know where these places are.
Amber: 我就不知道在哪?(Wǒ jiù bù zhīdào zài nǎ?)
David: So, the subway is easier to deal with. Good luck with the bus system.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Anyway, our vocab today is about what, Amber?
Amber: 是关于坐车的。(Shì guānyú zuòchē de.)
David: Okay. So, let’s get to that.
VOCAB LIST
Amber: 车站。(chēzhàn.)
David: Bus stop.
Amber: 车 站, 车站, 上车。(chē zhàn, chēzhàn, shàngchē.)
David: To get on the bus.
Amber: 上 车, 上车, 动物园。(shàng chē, shàngchē, dòngwùyuán.)
David: Zoo.
Amber: 动 物 园, 动物园, 大学。(dòng wù yuán, dòngwùyuán, dàxué.)
David: University.
Amber: 大 学, 大学, 一站地。(dà xué, dà xué, yī zhàndì)
David: One stop.
Amber: 一 站 地, 一站地, 终点站。(yī zhàn dì, yī zhàn dì, Zhōngdiǎn zhàn.)
David: Terminal station.
Amber: 终 点 站, 终点站, 问。(Zhōng diǎn zhàn, Zhōngdiǎn zhàn, wèn.)
David: To ask.
Amber: 问, 问。(wèn, wèn.)
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
David: Let’s take a closer look at some of these words and phrases. Our first word is…
Amber: 车站。(Chēzhàn.)
David: Bus stop.
Amber: 车站。(Chēzhàn.)
David: Right. So, we’re talking about a bus here.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: If it’s a train station, it would be…
Amber: 火车站。(Huǒchē zhàn.)
David: Or…
Amber: 地铁站。(Dìtiě zhàn.)
David: Which would be “subway station”.
Amber: 没错, 就是前面是交通工具,后面是 “站”。(Méi cuò, jiùshì qiánmiàn shì jiāotōng gōngjù, hòumiàn shì “zhàn”.)
David:Right. And 站 (Zhàn) means the stop or the station itself.
Amber: 没错, 对,我给你一个例子,师傅,我要去西直门车站。(Méi cuò, duì, wǒ gěi nǐ yīgè lìzi, shīfù, wǒ yào qù xīzhímén chēzhàn.)
David: Driver, I want to go to the 西直门 (Xīzhímén) bus station.
Amber: 师傅,我要去西直门车站。(Shīfù, wǒ yào qù xīzhímén chēzhàn.)
David: Right. And, technically, 车 (Chē) here could be any vehicle.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: But, in reality, it’s the bus station.
Amber: 如果你说车站,那就是 (Rúguǒ nǐ shuō chēzhàn, nà jiùshì) bus station …. 对。(Duì.)
David: Right. Likewise, to get into a vehicle is…
Amber: 上车。(Shàng chē.)
David: To get into a vehicle.
Amber: 上车。(Shàng chē.)
David: And this could be a bus or it could be a private car.
Amber: 或者是地铁都可以。(Huòzhě shì dìtiě dōu kěyǐ.)
David: Yes, you’re right. It could be the subway.
Amber: 唔,比如说她在车站上车了。(Wú, bǐrú shuō tā zài chēzhàn shàng chēle.)
David: She got on a bus at the bus station.
Amber: 她在车站上车了。(Tā zài chēzhàn shàng chēle.)
David: She got on a bus at the bus station.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: And the opposite, of course, is…
Amber: 下车。(Xià chē..)
David: To get off the bus.
Amber: 对,下车。(Duì, xià chē.)
David: And if you were in second or third tourist [unintelligible 00:04:36] cities, you’re going to discover that buses in China are unreliable, there are stops everywhere, people will go on and off as they please. So, life can be a bit of an adventure.
Amber: 对。(Duì.)
David: Right? Now, our next word is a phrase. It’s “one stop”.
Amber: 一站地。(Yí zhàn de.)
David: One stop.
Amber: 一站地。(Yí zhàn de.)
David: First thing, notice the tone [unintelligible 00:05:04] there. The word for “one” is changing from first tone to second tone, because it’s coming in front of a fourth tone word.
Amber: 没错,因为 "站" 是 四声。(Méi cuò, yīnwèi"zhàn" shì sì shēng.)
David: Right.
Amber: 所以 “一” 就变成了二声。(Suǒyǐ “yī” jiù biàn chéngle èr shēng.)
David: Right. It becomes a rising tone.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Amber?
Amber: 就变成了 一站地。(Jiù biàn chéngle yí zhàn de.)
David: Right. “One stop.” Now, you can change this. You could say “two stops”.
Amber: 两站地。(Liǎng zhàn de.)
David: “Three stops”.
Amber: 三站地。(Sān zhàn de.)
David: “Four stops”.
Amber: 四站地。(Sì zhàn de.)
David: And so on.
Amber: 好吧!(Hǎo ba!)
David: In practice, you’re going to hear people tell you a destination is a number of stops. For instance, 清华 (Qīnghuá) university is three stops away.
Amber: 到清华大学有三站地。(Dào qīnghuá dàxué yǒusān zhàn de.)
David: To 清华 University there have three stops.
Amber: 到清华大学有三站地。(Dào qīnghuá dàxué yǒusān zhàn de.)
David: To 天安门 (Tiān'ānmén) Square have five stops.
Amber: 去天安门有五站地。(Qù tiān'ānmén yǒu wǔ zhàn de.)
David: To 天安门 (Tiān'ānmén) Square there are five stops.
Amber: 到天安门有五站地。(Dào tiān'ānmén yǒu wǔ zhàn de.)
David: Right. But if you ask people how many stops, they’ll usually just tell you.
Amber: 一站地, 三站地, 五站地,。(Yí zhàn de, sān zhàn de, wǔ zhàn de,.)
David: Right. So you don’t need the whole sentence if you know what you’re talking about.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Right. One word we want to highlight – that’s the word for “terminal station”.
Amber: 终点站。(Zhōngdiǎn zhàn.)
David: Terminal station.
Amber: 终点站。(Zhōngdiǎn zhàn.)
David: Right. This is a bit tricky for an Upper Beginner lesson cause it’s a complex word. However, if you are on the subway or if you’re taking the train, you are going to hear this a lot.
Amber: 没错, 尤其是地铁站。(Méi cuò, yóuqí shì dìtiě zhàn.)
David: Yes, especially in the subways because they’ll tell you what the terminal station is for the various trains.
Amber: 没错,比如说在一号线。(Méi cuò, bǐrú shuō zài yī hào xiàn..)
David: 比如说 (Bǐrú shuō), give the sentence.
Amber: OK, 比如说 终点站在苹果园。(Bǐrú shuō zhōngdiǎn zhàn zài píngguǒ yuán.)
David: Right. You’re going to hear that on line one in Beijing. Amber, let’s have it again.
Amber: 终点站是苹果园。(Zhōngdiǎn zhàn shì píngguǒ yuán.)
David: The final stop for this train is…
Amber: 苹果园。(Píngguǒ yuán.)
David: Right, which is “Apple Garden”.
Amber: 对,但是它没有 Garden . 就是一个地方。(Duì, dànshì tā méiyǒu Garden. Jiùshì yīgè dìfāng.)
David: Yes, just buildings but it sounds nice. But, whatever train you’re on, you’re going to hear this. It’s “the terminal station is…” and then the destination.
Amber: 没错,比如说终点站是苹果园。(Méi cuò, bǐrú shuō zhōngdiǎn zhàn shì píngguǒ yuán.)
David: Right. Listen for this to make sure you’re going in the right direction. That said, that’s our vocab for today. Let’s move on to our grammar point.

Lesson focus

M2: It’s grammar time!
David: Okay. In previous lessons, we taught you how to add emotional emphasis to certain characters.
Amber: 没错,比如说 对对对。(Méi cuò, bǐrú shuō duì duì duì.)
David: Right, or “don’t, don’t, don’t, don’t!”
Amber: 别别别。(Bié bié bié.)
David: Right. And we told you that the repetitions come in three or six or seven.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Right? What we want to talk about today is another kind of repetition we get with verbs. We see that in this line in our dialogue -
Amber: 哪儿也不去,就问问。(Nǎ'er yě bù qù, jiù wèn wèn.)
David: I'm not going anywhere, I'm just asking.
Amber: 哪儿也不去,就问问。(Nǎ'er yě bù qù, jiù wèn wèn.)
David: Anywhere, also not to go just.
Amber: 问问。(Wèn wèn.)
David: To ask a bit.
Amber: 对,问问。(Duì, wèn wèn.)
David: Right. This is a special form of repetition in Chinese and it’s different from the repetition we talked about earlier. We see this with single character verbs, like “to ask”.
Amber: 问。(Wèn.)
David: To look.
Amber: 看。(Kàn.)
David: To listen.
Amber: 听。(Tīng.)
David: In all of these cases, if you want to communicate the idea of doing it for a little bit, you can re-duplicate it, you can repeat the verb once.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: For instance.
Amber: 哪儿也不去,就问问。(Nǎ'er yě bù qù, jiù wèn wèn.)
David: I'm not going anywhere, I'm just asking for a little bit.
Amber: 对。(Duì.)
David: Right? Let’s take a look at some other examples, such as with “take a look at this for a bit”.
Amber: 看看,比如说 能给我看看这个吗?(Kàn kàn, bǐrú shuō néng gěi wǒ kàn kàn zhège ma?)
David: Can you give this to me to look at for a bit?
Amber: 能给我看看这个吗?(Néng gěi wǒ kàn kàn zhège ma?)
David: “Can I look at this for a bit?” And it’s suggesting that you’re doing it briefly.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Suggesting it’s not a big deal.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: How about “Listen for a bit?”
Amber: 听听,比如说 听听这首歌。(Tīng tīng, bǐrú shuō tīng tīng zhè shǒu gē.)
David: Listen to this song.
Amber: 听听这首歌。(Tīng tīng zhè shǒu gē.)
David: Listen to this song.
Amber: A bit.
David: Right. So, it’s a request, it softens it a bit, and it communicated the idea that it’s not really going to take much time.
Amber: 对,不是很正式的,就是一下。(Duì, bùshì hěn zhèngshì de, jiùshì yīxià.)
David: Right, but the important thing is that we can do this with any verbs that are one character long.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Even somewhere you wouldn’t expect it. For instance, the verb “to go”.
Amber: 走。(Zǒu.)
David: You could say…
Amber: 走走。(Zǒu zǒu.)
David: To walk for a bit or to go for a while.
Amber: 没错,比如说 走走就到了。(Méi cuò, bǐrú shuō zǒu zǒu jiù dàole.)
David: Go for a bit and you’ll get there.
Amber: 走走就到了。(Zǒu zǒu jiù dàole.)
David: “Go for a bit and you’ll get there.” Sometimes these repeated verbs are so common that people will treat them as if they’re other verbs.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: For instance, the verb “to try out”.
Amber: 试试。(Shì shì.)
David: Try this out.
Amber: 试试。(Shì shì.)
David: Or “You try it too.”
Amber: 你也试试吧!(Nǐ yě shì shì ba!)
David: Right. Now, people will think about this as a standalone verb, but it’s actually this pattern - a single character verb reduplicated, with this extra meaning of doing something for a little bit of time.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Okay. So our focus today was reduplicated verbs. This is something you are going to hear all the time. Remember, you can do it with single character verbs.
Amber: 没错,很常见。(Méi cuò, hěn chángjiàn.)
David: Right. Now, if you run into any examples of this in the wild, there’s a place you can come.
Amber: 没错,来我们的网站。(Méi cuò, lái wǒmen de wǎngzhàn.)
David: ChineseClass101.com – in every lesson, we have a place for people to leave comments and have a community discussion. So, you can let us know what you think and we can talk about any difficult issues that come up.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)

Outro

David: For now, though, that’s all the time we have. From Beijing, I'm David.
Amber: 我是安伯。(Wǒ shì ān bó.)
David: Thanks a lot for listening and we’ll see you on the site.
Amber: 咱们下次见 (Zánmen xià cì jiàn) , Bye-bye.

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