Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
David: Welcome to ChineseClass101.com. I'm David.
Amber: 大家好,我是安伯。(Dàjiā hǎo, wǒ shì ān bó.)
David: And we’re here today with Upper Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 24 – Throwing up on delicious Chinese snacks.
Amber: 对,中国的小吃太多了。(Duì, zhōngguó de xiǎochī tài duōle.)
David: Right, this is Amber’s favorite lesson because she’s always bringing this stuff into the office.
Amber: 对,因为好吃的太多了。(Duì, yīnwèi hào chī de tài duōle.)
David: So, we have a dialogue that takes place on 天津 (Tiānjīn) food street. Right. It’s a famous street in 天津 (Tiānjīn) where you’ve got a lot of local snacks. And we’ve got a dialogue between two travelers who are speaking casual Chinese, as always. Let’s get to it.
DIALOGUE
A: 天津的小吃太好吃了!(Tiānjīn de xiǎochī tài hǎochī le!)
B: 你怎么还想吃? (Nǐ zěnme hái xiǎng chī?)
A: 这个麻花儿真不错。(Zhège máhuā zhēn bùcuò.)
B: 我们刚吃了狗不理包子。(Wǒmen gāng chī le gǒubùlǐ bāozi.)
A: 嗯,我听说天津的炸糕也不错。(ēn, wǒ tīngshuō Tiānjīn de zhágāo yě bùcuò.)
B: 我已经饱了。(Wǒ yǐjīng bǎo le.)
A: 那......我们去吃煎饼果子吧!(Nà ......wǒmen qù chī jiānbǐng guǒzi ba!)
A: Tianjin snacks are so delicious!
B: How can you still want to eat?
A: This fried dough twist is really good.
B: We just ate Goubuli dumplings.
A: Hmm, I've heard that Tianjin fried rice cakes are also not bad.
B: I'm already full.
A: Then... let's go eat pancakes with fried sticks.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
David: So, Amber, you have family in 天津 (Tiānjīn), so you are often there. When you are there, I notice you always come back with this food.
Amber: 煎饼果子。(Jiānbing guǒzi.)
David: Yeah, especially that last one.
Amber: 对。(Duì.)
David: And if you are in 天津] (Tiānjīn), it’s one of the things to do, is going to this food street and eating the food. So, we’re going to talk about this in a sec. But, before we do, why don’t we go through our key vocab for this lesson.
Amber: Okay.
VOCAB LIST
Amber: 小吃。(xiǎochī.)
David: Snack.
Amber: 小 吃, 小吃, 麻花儿。(xiǎo chī, xiǎochī, máhuār.)
David: Fried dough twist.
Amber: 麻 花 儿, 麻花儿, 包子。(má hu ār, máhuār, bāozi.)
David: Stuffed bun.
Amber: 包 子, 包子, 听说。(bāo zi, bāozi, tīngshuō.)
David: To hearsay.
Amber: 听 说, 听说, 炸糕。(tīng shuō, tīngshuō, zhágāo.)
David: Fried rice cake.
Amber: 炸 糕, 炸糕, 饱。(zhá gāo, zhágāo, bǎo.)
David: Full.
Amber: 饱, 饱, 煎饼果子。(bǎo, bǎo, jiānbǐng guǒzi.)
David: Egg pancake with fried sticks.
Amber: 煎 饼 果 子, 煎饼果子, 油条。(jiān bǐng guǒ zi, jiānbǐng guǒzi, yóutiáo.)
David: Fried dough stick.
Amber: 油 条, 油条。(yóu tiáo, yóutiáo.)
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
David: Okay, Amber, we’re going to talk about food today.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Amber is smiling. There’s a ton of food items here.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Right? Really, this lesson is for anyone who goes to 天津 (Tiānjīn). Right?
Amber: 唔 ...唔, 如果去天津, 要吃好吃的。(Wú... Wú, rúguǒ qù tiānjīn, yào chī hào chī de.)
David: Well, yes. First, the 天津 (Tiānjīn) is famous for this restaurant.
Amber: 狗不理。(Gǒu bù lǐ.)
David: We hear this in our dialogue…
Amber: 我们刚吃了狗不理包子。(Wǒmen gāng chīle gǒu bù lǐ bāozi.)
David: We’ve just eaten 包子 (Bāozi) at 狗不理 (Gǒu bù lǐ). Right? If 天津 (Tiānjīn) is famous for anything, this is the restaurant.
Amber: 狗不理。(Gǒu bù lǐ.)
David: And they are really good.
Amber: 没错, 狗不理包子非常好吃。(Méi cuò, gǒu bù lǐ bāozi fēicháng hào chī.)
David: Yeah, they’re also really expensive now. It used to be cheap, but now they’ve developed a brand and really drag [unintelligible 00:03:32] a lot of money.
Amber: 对,因为现在很有名。(Duì, yīnwèi xiànzài hěn yǒumíng.)
David: Right. But if you go to 天津 (Tiānjīn), you can eat 包子 (Bāozi), which is bread with meat stuffed inside it. Really, really great.
Amber: 没错, 其实有其他的品牌的包子,会便宜一些。(Méi cuò, qíshí yǒu qítā de pǐnpái de bāozi, huì piányí yīxiē.)
David: It’s cheaper than 狗不理.(Gǒu bù lǐ.)
Amber: 但是同样好吃。(Dànshì tóngyàng hào chī.)
David: Really good. So, if you go to 天津 (Tiānjīn), make sure you have 包子 (Bāozi).
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: The rest of these foods are snacks. First, we’ve got…
Amber: 麻花儿。(Máhuā er.)
David: Fried dough twist.
Amber: 麻花儿。(Máhuā er.)
David: And they take dough, and they twist them together, fry it and cover it with sugar.
Amber: 没错, 有的时候还有别的。(Méi cuò, yǒu de shíhòu hái yǒu bié de.)
David: Right. There are other things but it’s a sweet food.
Amber: 没错, 甜的,麻花儿, 麻花儿是天津的特色。(Méi cuò, tián de, máhuā er, máhuā er shì tiānjīn de tèsè.)
David: Right. So this is a 天津 (Tiānjīn) specialty. Right? There’s another kind of fried dough stick in our vocab as well.
Amber: 油条。(Yóutiáo.)
David: Fried dough stick.
Amber: 油条。(Yóutiáo.)
David: So what’s the difference between 麻花儿 (Máhuā er) and 油条.(Yóutiáo.)
Amber: 唔,麻花儿是甜的,油条是咸的。(Wú, máhuā er shì tián de, yóutiáo shì xián de.)
David: Right. So 麻花儿 (Máhuā er) is sweet, it’s a dessert.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Whereas 油条, it’s a breakfast food.
Amber: 对,是早点。(Duì, shì zǎodiǎn.)
David: Yeah, and it’s not just in 天津 (Tiānjīn). You’re going to find 油条 (Yóutiáo) in Beijing, throughout Northern China.
Amber: 没错, 没错。(Méi cuò, méi cuò.)
David: Right. Even Southern China you can find it.
Amber: 对,第二个天津特色是炸糕。(Duì, dì èr gè tiānjīn tèsè shì zhà gāo.)
David: Fried rice cakes.
Amber: 炸糕。(Zhà gāo.)
David: Actually, and there’re a ton of 天津(Tiānjīn) food, so we are not really covering all of them. This one is interesting. Tell us about it.
Amber: 它是用米做的一种蛋糕吧!算是 …. 然后要.....(Tā shì yòng mǐ zuò de yī zhǒng dàngāo ba! Suànshì…. Ránhòu yào.....)
David: It’s very, very dry too.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: And it’s fried, but it is good. It’s an acquired taste.
Amber: 对,然后里面还有甜的馅。(Duì, ránhòu lǐmiàn hái yǒu tián de xiàn.)
David: Yeah, so it’s sweet, and it’s fried, and it’s made of rice, there’s nothing like it I’ve tasted anywhere else.
Amber: 没错,所以才是天津特色。(Méi cuò, suǒyǐ cái shì tiānjīn tèsè.)
David: Right, it’s a 天津 (Tiānjīn) specialty.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Okay. Last but not least, we have this egg pancake with fried sticks.
Amber: 煎饼果子。(Jiānbing guǒzi.)
David: Egg pancake with fried sticks.
Amber: 唔 ...唔, 煎饼果子。(Wú... Wú, jiānbing guǒzi.)
David: If you’ve been in Northern China, you already know about the egg pancake.
Amber: 煎饼。(Jiānbing.)
David: This actually came from 天津 (Tiānjīn) originally too.
Amber: 没错。 (Méi cuò.)
David: Right? And whenever you go, I know you bring back 煎饼 (Jiānbing) for people here, in Beijing.
Amber: 因为天津的煎饼和别的地方不一样。(Yīn wéi tiānjīn de jiānbing hé bié dì dìfāng bù yīyàng.)
David: Right. So, what’s the difference?
Amber: 天津的煎饼是绿豆的面,但是北京是白面。(Tiānjīn de jiānbing shì lǜdòu de miàn, dànshì běijīng shì báimiàn.)
David: Right. So, they make the wrapping out of a different material.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Most people in China will have ran into the 煎饼.(Jiānbing.)
Amber: 对。(Duì.)
David: Right? You can buy them on the streets. What’s this?
Amber: 煎饼果子, 煎饼果子是煎饼和油条放在一起。(Jiānbing guǒzi, jiānbing guǒzi shì jiānbing hé yóutiáo fàng zài yīqǐ.)
David: Okay, so it’s combo meal.
Amber: 对,煎饼果子是煎饼和油条放在一起。(Duì, jiānbing guǒzi shì jiānbing hé yóutiáo fàng zài yīqǐ.)
David: Right, and this is somewhat special to 天津.(Tiānjīn.)
Amber: 对, 对,没错。(Duì, duì, méi cuò.)
David: Okay, so we’ve got a couple of foods you have to try in 天津.(Tiānjīn.)
Amber: 包子, 麻花儿, 炸糕, 煎饼果子。(Bāozi, máhuā er, zhà gāo, jiānbing guǒzi.)
David: And all of these are called “snacks”.
Amber: 小吃。(Xiǎochī.)
David: Snacks.
Amber: 小吃。(Xiǎochī.)
David: Literally, “little eat”.
Amber: 对,小 吃, 因为它不是饭。(Duì, xiǎo chī, yīnwèi tā bùshì fàn.)
David: Right, it’s not an entire meal. But if you go to 天津 (Tiānjīn), you can fill up on this because snacks are a 天津 (Tiānjīn) specialty.
Amber: 小吃是天津的特色。(Xiǎochī shì tiānjīn de tèsè.)
David: Snacks are a 天津 (Tiānjīn) specialty.
Amber: 小吃是天津的特色。(Xiǎochī shì tiānjīn de tèsè.)
David: Okay. So now you are ready to go to 天津 (Tiānjīn) and eat. Let’s get to our grammar point.
Amber: Okay.

Lesson focus

M2: It’s grammar time!
David: Today, we want to talk b an adverb.
Amber: 刚。(Gāng.)
David: Just.
Amber: 刚。(Gāng.)
David: In our dialogue, we see this in this sentence -
Amber: 我们刚吃了狗不理包子。(Wǒmen gāng chīle gǒu bù lǐ bāozi.)
David: We just ate stuffed buns from 狗不理.(Gǒu bù lǐ.)
Amber: 我们刚吃了狗不理包子。(Wǒmen gāng chīle gǒu bù lǐ bāozi.)
David: We just ate these stuffed buns from 狗不理 (Gǒu bù lǐ). The famous 天津 (Tiānjīn) food.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Now, by adding this word…
Amber: 刚。(Gāng.)
David: in front of our verb, we’re implying that the action happened not long ago. In our dialogue, the speaker says…
Amber: 刚吃了狗不理包子。(Gāng chīle gǒu bù lǐ bāozi.)
David: Right, so he means “we just ate the包子 (Bāozi)”.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò)
David: I am full.
Amber: 没错,我现在还不想吃别的。(Méi cuò, wǒ xiànzài hái bùxiǎng chī bié de.)
David: Right.
Amber: 所以如果有人请你吃饭, 你可以说 我刚吃了饭。(Suǒyǐ rúguǒ yǒurén qǐng nǐ chīfàn, nǐ kěyǐ shuō wǒ gāng chīle fàn..)
David: I just ate lunch. I just ate food.
Amber: 唔 ...唔, 我刚吃了饭。(Wú... Wú, wǒ gāng chīle fàn.)
David: I just ate.
Amber: 对。(Duì.)
David: Now, we can use this in other contexts as well. For instance…
Amber: 如果你朋友让你做饭,你可以说我刚下班。(Rúguǒ nǐ péngyǒu ràng nǐ zuò fàn, nǐ kěyǐ shuō wǒ gāng xiàbān.)
David: Right. If someone asks you to cook, your girlfriend, your boyfriend, you could say…
Amber: 我刚下班。(Wǒ gāng xiàbān.)
David: I just got off work.
Amber: 我刚下班, 让我休息一下。(Wǒ gāng xiàbān, ràng wǒ xiūxí yīxià.)
David: I just got off work, let me rest a bit.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Now, there’s something that confuses a lot of people because sometimes Chinese speakers will double up on this adverb.
Amber: 刚刚。(Gānggāng.)
David: You’ll hear people say…
Amber: 刚刚。(Gānggāng.)
David: As in…
Amber: 我刚刚下班。(Wǒ gānggāng xiàbān.)
David: Or…
Amber: 我刚刚吃过饭。(Wǒ gānggāng chīguò fàn.)
David: Now, Amber, what does this mean? What’s the difference?
Amber: 唔,”刚刚” 和 “刚” 有一个意思是一样的,就是 (Wú,” gānggāng” hé “gāng” yǒu yīgè yìsi shì yīyàng de, jiùshì) just.
David: Yes, it means “just now”.. However…
Amber: 刚刚。(Gānggāng.)
David: Means “it just happened”.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Right, so 刚 (Gāng), a single character, it could be a while ago.
Amber: 对,没错。(Duì, méi cuò.)
David: We just ate an hour ago.
Amber: 我们刚吃过饭。(Wǒmen gāng chīguò fàn.)
David: We just ate five minutes ago.
Amber: 我们刚刚吃过饭。(Wǒmen gānggāng chīguò fàn.)
David: Right. So, if something has really just happened, you can double up.
Amber: 没错,你可以说刚刚,比如说 我刚刚进门。(Méi cuò, nǐ kěyǐ shuō gānggāng, bǐrú shuō wǒ gānggāng jìnmén.)
David: I just got home.
Amber: 我刚刚进门。(Wǒ gānggāng jìnmén.)
David: How about “I just got home, let me rest.”
Amber: 我刚刚进门, 让我休息一下。(Wǒ gānggāng jìnmén, ràng wǒ xiūxí yīxià.)
David: Right, “I just got in. Let me take a break.”
Amber: 我刚刚进门, 让我休息一下, 可能才刚坐下。(Wǒ gānggāng jìnmén, ràng wǒ xiūxí yīxià, kěnéng cáigāng zuò xià.)
David: Yeah. And remember, because this is an adverb, we put it in front of the main verb in our sentence …...
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: ….and usually after the subject as well, as in our dialogue.
Amber: 我们刚吃了狗不理包子。(Wǒmen gāng chīle gǒu bù lǐ bāozi.)
David: We just ate 狗不理包子.(Gǒu bù lǐ bāozi.)
Amber: 我们刚吃了狗不理包子。(Wǒmen gāng chīle gǒu bù lǐ bāozi.)
David: Right. And remember, if something just, just happened, you can double up on this adjective and say, “Hey, we really just ate 狗不理包子.(Gǒu bù lǐ bāozi.)”
Amber: 我们刚刚吃了狗不理包子。(Wǒmen gānggāng chīle gǒu bù lǐ bāozi.)
David: There’s no way I can fit in all of these 天津 (Tiānjīn) snacks.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)
David: Okay? So, this lesson’s got a ton of stuff for you if you are going to go to 天津 (Tiānjīn). Right? We’ve got the names of 天津 (Tiānjīn) snacks for you and we’ve got a way for you to tell people that you’ve just eating. You can't possibly eat anymore.
Amber: 没错 ….. 这个很有用, 因为天津人特别喜欢让你吃东西。(Méi cuò….. Zhège hěn yǒuyòng, yīn wéi tiānjīn rén tèbié xǐhuān ràng nǐ chī dōngxī.)
David: Yeah, and as soon as you come they are going to start giving you weird, let’s be honest, like, the fried rice cake is a strange food for outsiders .
Amber: 唔 ….. 好吧!(Wú….. Hǎo ba!)
David: but it does grow on you.
Amber: 没错。(Méi cuò.)

Outro

David: For now, though, that’s all the time we have. From Beijing, I'm David.
Amber: 我是安伯。(Wǒ shì ān bó.)
David: Thanks for listening and we’ll see you on the site.
Amber: 咱们下次见,拜拜。(Zánmen xià cì jiàn, bàibài)

3 Comments

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ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 12:16 PM
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Hi alejandro,


Yes, both ok :)


Echo

Team ChineseClass101.com

alejandro
Sunday at 04:28 AM
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I noticed in the examples of gang1 that both le and guo were used after the verb, is that ok in every situation?