Vocabulary (Review)

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Lesson Transcript

Welcome to ChineseClass101.com. My name is Rui. Today, we are going to talk about very critical lesson, very critical, so 10 phrases to help you in an emergency. Okay, let’s start!
The first one...
1. 请报警! (Qǐng bàojǐng!) “Call the police, please!”
警 (Jǐng) is a shortened form of policeman. So 警察 (jǐngchá) means “policeman”. So if you say - 请报警!(Qǐng bàojǐng!), it’s actually “Please call the policeman for me!”, but it’s too long especially in an emergency. So just say “Please call the police!” 请报警! (Qǐng bàojǐng!), 请报警!(Qǐng bàojǐng!) or you can even say - 报警! (Bàojǐng!) “Call the police!”.
2. 你发烧吗? (Nǐ fāshāo ma?) “Do you have a fever?”
So if you have a fever, you should reply - 我发烧。 (Wǒ fāshāo.) “I have a fever.”, 我发烧了。(Wǒ fāshāo le.). “I have a little fever” 我有点发烧。 (Wǒ yóudiǎn fāshāo.), 有点 (yóudiǎn) “a little”. 我有点发烧。 (Wǒ yóudiǎn fāshāo.), 我发烧了。(Wǒ fāshāo le). If you have a strong fever, you can say - 我发高烧了。(Wǒ fā gāoshāo le.), 我发高烧。(Wǒ fā gāoshāo.).
3. 我的护照丢了! (Wǒ de hùzhào diūle!) “I lost my passport!”
丢了 (Diūle) means “lost”. 我的钱包丢了。(Wǒ de qiánbāo diūle.) “I lost my wallet.” 我的车票 丢了。 (Wǒ de chēpiào diūle.) “I lost my ticket.”
4. 我想我吃了不好的东西了。 (Wǒ xiǎng wǒ chīle bùhǎo de dōngxī le.) “I think I ate something bad.”
So I heard from my foreign friends, if you go to visit another country, you easily get diarrhea. It’s not because you ate something bad or not hygienic enough, it’s just because your stomach, your body hasn’t got used to the food yet. I don’t get that so often, but if you feel your stomach is a little weird, please go to the hospital, but don’t blame Chinese food first. Maybe, your body hasn’t got used to Chinese food yet, especially authentic Chinese food.
5. 我需要一位医生。 (Wǒ xūyào yíwèi yīshēng.) “I need a doctor.”
So when you have a fever, 发烧 (fāshāo) “have a fever”, we just learned it, or if you ate something bad, 吃了什么不好的东西 (chīle shénme bù hǎo de dōngxī) “ate something bad”, you need a doctor. Doctor means 医生 (yīshēng). “I need a doctor.” 我需要一位医生。 (Wǒ xūyào yíwèi yīshēng.), 我需要一位医生。 (Wǒ xūyào yíwèi yīshēng.), or you can say - 我要看医生。 (Wǒ yào kàn yīshēng.) “I want to see a doctor.”
6. 我找不到回酒店的路。 (Wǒ zhǎobúdào huí jiǔdiàn de lù.) “I can't find the way back to my hotel.”
Actually as a Chinese who’s living in Shanghai, sometimes I couldn’t find my way back if I’m in a place or in an area which I’m not familiar with, but taxi is very convenient in Shanghai. So don’t forget to bring the card where the location is written. It’s very helpful. Just show it to the taxi driver, you’ll find your way back to the hotel or to anywhere.
7. 附近有药店吗? (Fùjìn yǒu yàodiàn ma?) “Is there a pharmacy nearby?”
So in China, the pharmacy is not open 24 hours as far as I know. It’s not as convenient as in Japan so it’s quite a useful phrase or sentence for you when you are living in China. But if you go to a hospital, hospital is 24 hours so if you go to a hospital, usually, you will find a pharmacy close to the hospital, but not close to your home, so convenient as in Japan. Even you can find medicine in the company stores.
8. 你可以帮我吗? (Nǐ kěyǐ bāng wǒ ma?) “Can you help me?”
So this is a very common phrase to use when you are asking help or you can add, “Could you please help me?”, 请问, 你可以帮帮我吗?(Qǐngwén, nǐ kěyǐ bāng bang wǒ ma?), 你可以帮帮我吗? (Nǐ kěyǐ bāng bang wǒ ma?”. It’s more polite way of asking help - 请问, 你可以帮帮我吗?(Qǐngwén, nǐ kěyǐ bāng bang wǒ ma?). So when you are in an emergency like when you fell in the sea, but you cannot swim, you’re asking, “Help!”, so in Chinese, you exclaim - 救命! (Jiùmìng!), 救命! (Jiùmìng!), Help! Help! Help! I’m going to drown, I’m going to die, help!, 救命! (Jiùmìng!). That means help.
9. 我迷路了。 (Wǒ mílù le.) “I am lost.”
In China, as a foreigner, frankly speaking, maybe it’s easy for you to get lost because Google Maps is not available in China yet so this is very useful phrase for you to ask help if you lost your way. 我迷路了。 (Wǒ mílù le.), 我迷路了。 (Wǒ mílù le.) “I am lost.” Can you help me? 我迷路了。 (Wǒ mílù le.). 你可以帮帮我吗? (Nǐ kěyǐ bāng bāng wǒ ma?).
10. 我觉得有点儿不舒服。 (Wǒ juéde yǒudiǎnr bù shūfú.) “I'm not feeling well.”
我觉得有点儿不舒服。 (Wǒ juéde yǒudiǎnr bù shūfú.). So you can say when you drink too much, when you feel dizzy or you feel your body temperature is higher than usual and when you feel too tired from working, you can say - 我觉得有点儿不舒服。 (Wǒ juéde yǒudiǎnr bù shūfú.).
Okay, today we have covered 10 phrases to help you in an emergency which will make your life in China much easier. Let us know what else you want to learn to make your life in China easier or safer or help you and don’t forget to subscribe to ChineseClass101.com. We will see you next time. Bye!