Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Intro

Hi everybody! Yinru here. Welcome to Ask a Teacher, where I’ll answer some of your most common Chinese questions.
The Question
The question for this lesson is: What is the proper word order in a sentence?
Explanation
Unlike the pronunciation and writing system, sentence structure in Chinese is not as confusing and exotic. For most simple sentences, word order in Chinese is similar to that in English.
Let’s look at some basic SVO sentences, which are sentences with Subject + Verb + Object word order.
我爱你。(Wǒ ài nǐ. “I love you.”) The subject is 我 (Wǒ), the verb 爱 (ài), and the object 你 (nǐ). Just like in English.
他吃面. (Tā chīmiàn. “He eats noodles.”) The subject is 他 (Tā), the verb 吃 (chī), and the object 面 (miàn).
If you want to add a time phrase in the sentence, you usually put this phrase after the subject. For example:
他星期二吃面。(Tā xīngqīèr chīmiàn. “He eats noodles on Tuesdays.”)
我一直很爱你。(Wǒ yìzhí hěn ài nǐ. “I always love you.”)
你昨天晚上洗澡了吗? (Nǐ zuótiān wǎnshang xǐzǎo le ma? “Did you take a shower last night?”)
If you want to add a “place” in a sentence, like “where” someone does something, you also put it after the subject, before the verb. Let’s see a couple of examples:
他在家吃面。(Tā zài jiā chīmiàn. “He eats noodles at home.”)
我的好朋友在伦敦工作。(Wǒ de hǎopéngyou zài Lúndūn gōngzuò. “My good friend works in London.”)
What if we have a “time” and “place” at the same time? Usually we put time after the subject, then place, then verb, or verb + object. For example:
我的好朋友去年在伦敦工作。(Wǒ de hǎopéngyou qùnián zài Lúndūn gōngzuò. “My good friend worked in London last year.”)
他们上个星期六晚上在电影院看电影. (Tāmen shàngge xīngqī liù wǎnshang zài diànyǐngyuàn kàn diànyǐng. “They saw a movie at a movie theater last Saturday night.”)
Of course, there are exceptions to the rules, and many times components are omitted in different cases, but the above word order is the basic foundation for sentence structure in Chinese.

Outro

Like always, if you have any more questions, please leave a comment below!
I’ll see you next time!
我们下次再见!Wǒmen xiàcì zàijiàn!

3 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

What Chinese learning question do you have?

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 04:20 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

你好 robert groulx,


谢谢 for posting and studying with us. If you have any questions, please let us know.😄


Kind regards,

雷文特 (Levente)

Team ChineseClass101.com

robert groulx
Friday at 11:19 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

thank you for the lesson transcript


favorite phrase is 我爱你。(Wǒ ài nǐ. “I love you.”)


robert