Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Victor: Hello everyone! I'm Victor, and welcome to ChineseClass101.
Amber: With us, you'll learn to speak Chinese with fun and effective lessons.
Victor: We also provide you with cultural insights
Amber: and tips you won't find in a textbook...
Amber: So Maike is fresh and ready to face the world.
Victor: Yes, his first day in China.
Amber: Ah, we all remember our first day in China.
Victor: Yes we do. But do we remember what we learned in the last lesson?
Amber: Ah, yes... hmm, maybe not as impressionable.. but almost!
Victor: Well I'll remind you. Well one thing we learned was the word for the internet.
Amber: Yes, in this day and age, that is very important!
Victor: Wangluo.
Amber: And we also learned how to answer yes/no questions in Chinese. All we need to do is repeat the main verb of the sentence. Just as is if it's yes... and in its negative form if its no.
Victor: So let's try one Amber. Ni you wangluo ma?
Amber: Do I have the internet. Yes, of course. So I answer
Victor: And that means 'yes'. Easy as that.
Amber: OK now let's get to Maike''s first day and see if it goes as easy for him.
Front desk: 早上好,先生。
Mike: 早。今天天气怎么样?
Front desk: 上午天气很好,下午可能下雨。
Mike: 哦?下雨?
Front desk: 对,还有,今天很热。
Mike: 哪儿有出租车?
Front desk: 在饭店的前面有出租车。
Mike: 谢谢你。
Front desk: 不客气。
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Front desk: 早上好,先生。
Mike: 早。今天天气怎么样?
Front desk: 上午天气很好,下午可能下雨。
Mike: 哦?下雨?
Front desk: 对,还有,今天很热。
Mike: 哪儿有出租车?
Front desk: 在饭店的前面有出租车。
Mike: 谢谢你。
Front desk: 不客气。
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Front desk: 早上好,先生。
Amber: Good morning, Sir.
Mike: 早。今天天气怎么样?
Amber: Morning. How is the weather today?
Front desk: 上午天气很好,下午可能下雨。
Amber: In the morning the weather will be nice. It may rain in the afternoon.
Mike: 哦?下雨?
Amber: Oh? Rain?
Front desk: 对,还有,今天很热。
Amber: Yes. Plus, it's very hot today.
Mike: 哪儿有出租车?
Amber: Where can I get a taxi?
Front desk: 在饭店的前面有出租车。
Amber: In front of the hotel there are taxis.
Mike: 谢谢你。
Amber: Thank you.
Front desk: 不客气。
Amber: You're welcome.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Amber: Well this weather report makes me imagine every day in Shanghai from June to September. Hot and sticky, throw in a little rain.
Victor: So let’s look at our morning greeting.
Vocabulary and Phrases
Amber: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Victor: 早上好 [natural native speed]
Amber: good morning
Victor: 早上好 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 早上好 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 先生 [natural native speed]
Amber: Mr., sir
Victor: 先生 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 先生 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 怎么样 [natural native speed]
Amber: how is it
Victor: 怎么样 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 怎么样 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 上午 [natural native speed]
Amber: morning
Victor: 上午 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 上午 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 下午 [natural native speed]
Amber: afternoon
Victor: 下午 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 下午 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 可能 [natural native speed]
Amber: possibly, possible
Victor: 可能 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 可能 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 下雨 [natural native speed]
Amber: rain
Victor: 下雨 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 下雨 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 还有 [natural native speed]
Amber: in addition, still
Victor: 还有 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 还有 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 热 [natural native speed]
Amber: hot
Victor: 热 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 热 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 出租车 [natural native speed]
Amber: taxi
Victor: 出租车 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 出租车 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 饭店 [natural native speed]
Amber: hotel
Victor: 饭店 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 饭店 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 前面 [natural native speed]
Amber: in front
Victor: 前面 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 前面 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 不客气 [natural native speed]
Amber: you're welcome
Victor: 不客气 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 不客气 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 晚上好 [natural native speed]
Amber: good evening
Victor: 晚上好 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 晚上好 [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Amber: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Victor: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
Amber: Well we have a couple here. Of course first and foremost we have the zaoshang hao.
Victor: Zaoshang hao (breaks down tones)
Amber: But alas, the Chinese love brevity, so next we hear Mikes response.. zao.
Victor: Yep, it’s all you need. It's just like the more casual way of saying the same thing. Again, Chinese people love to abbreviate!
Amber: Now what come next than a nice weather question. We’ve learned the word for weather, remember
Victor: Tianqi.
Amber: And we also hear the word for today here
Victor: Jintian
Amber: But the best word of all is
Victor: Ah yes, zenmeyang
Amber: Zenmeyang is a many splendored word. We can use it in so many places.
Victor: Basically it’s a universal word to say, ‘what’s up’, or ‘how is it’.
Amber: Yeah, so like, if I just see my friend, I can use it. ‘zenmeyang’. Kinda like ‘what’s up’.
Victor: Or you can use it to ask about how something is, like the weather here, ‘tianqi zenmeyang’.
Amber: How about like my clothes. If I get all dressed up and want to ask my boyfriend ‘zenmeyang?’ does that work.
Victor: Sure. Or like my new car… how about it. zenmeyang?
Amber: Great. Now next we hear about the actual weather. What’s it gonna be Victor.
Victor: Well the morning, shangwu, which literally means, ‘before noon’, it sounds pretty ok. Hen hao.
Amber: But then, something else. xiawu... which is ... In the afternoon?
Victor: xiayu
Amber: xiayu. Rain. kind of rhymes with afternoon come to think of it.
Victor: Enough said.
Amber: But actually, no… there’s more. We know there’s more because we hear the magic words ‘haiyou’
Victor: Right, haiyou means ‘in addition’, or ‘plus’
Amber: And what do we have… haiyou…very hot. We know hot … ‘re’. this is becoming a common theme in our weather reports!
Victor: But Maike is no dummy.
Amber: He does what I would do.
Victor: Yes, he asks for a chuzuche.
Amber: Which is… taxi!

Lesson focus

Amber: First grammar is the word we heard when we were talking about the weather.
Victor: Yes, 还有 (háiyǒu)]
Amber: Now, there are a few 还有 (háiyǒu)s in Chinese.
Victor: When you see one like the one in our dialogue where the ‘haiyou’ comes first
还有,今天很热。
Amber: It acts like our English ‘furthermore’ or ‘in addition.
Victor: Yes, it introduces additional information.
Amber: So this还有,今天很热。 Means ‘Plus, today it’s very hot’.
Victor: Yes. Haiyou.
Amber: So maybe some girls are talking about how handsome Victor looks in his picture online… I can add something to that… ‘haiyou Victor hen gao’! Like Yao Ming gao, practically!!
Victor: Yes, practically! haha. OK back to grammar Amber!
Amber: Yes, well a very important word we must talk about is the question word 'where'
Victor: Yes, we hear it when Maike ask 'Where are there taxis". He says. Nar you chuzuche?
Amber: Now we will break down that whole sentence, but first... we must tell you that there are two words for 'where' in Chinese.
Victor: Yes, it depends on the region; speakers from Northern China are more apt to use 哪儿 (nǎr), whereas speakers from the South more commonly use 哪里 (nǎli).
Amber: OK so after the 'nar' in this sentence, we hear the verb ‘you’. Actually it’s the same ‘you’ we just heard in ‘haiyou’…
Amber: Yes, ‘you’ gets a lot of airtime.
Victor: But in this usage, the ‘you’ is the ‘you’ that expresses existence.
Amber: Right, so in the sentence we hear …. ‘nar you chuzuche’ and it means basically ‘where are there taxis’. Where do they exist!!
Victor: nar you chuzu che.
Amber: Now the answer!
Victor: The answer is another really grammar-rich sentence we can bust apart too!
Amber: Which is…
Victor: 在fandian的前面有出租车。(Zài fandian de qiánmian yǒu chūzūchē.)
Amber: Ah yes… so much in such an innocuous sentence "In front of the hotel there are taxis." We’ve got your direction words, we’ve got your ‘there are’. And taxis, of course which are also very essential.
Amber: Ok now lets look at the rest of that sentence. So we know the 'you chuzuche' from the questions. now what do we hear in front of it as the answer?
Victor: 在fandian的前面
Amber: So here we hear 在… a word we’ve heard before. It is a preposition that is basically like the English ‘at’, and the rest means ‘in front of the hotel’. But Victor is going to explain exactly how we get there in Chinese.
Victor: To indicate location with reference to something else… like this time, in front of the hotel… we use the structure used in this lesson.
Amber: Here the reference point was the hotel of course, in the sentence we just used.
Victor: And the location was ‘in front of’
Victor: So literally ‘Zai fandian de qianmian’ is the phrase that means…
Amber: ‘At hotel in front’.
Victor: It goes like this. At + reference place + de + location word.
Amber: so for our sentence ‘At hotel de front’, or, in more proper English, In front of the hotel.
Victor: So this pattern can work for any location relative to some reference point.
Amber: Yes, you just swap out the reference point and the location word. So let’s do one where the reference point or place is a house, and the location is behind the house
Victor: Zai fangzi de houmian
Amber: Right. Fangzi is house, the reference point. Houmian is ‘behind’, the location word.
Victor: Zai fangzi de houmian
Amber: OK what about if the taxis were across the street from the hotel, how would we say that?
Victor: Zai fandian de duimian.
Amber: Ah, so duimian means ‘across’
Victor: Yes, like ‘facing opposite’ the hotel
Victor: Yes and a hint
Amber: So like ‘fandian duimian’ or ‘fangzi houmian’
Victor: Yep.
Amber: Love Chinese
Victor: And we’ll give you some more directional words to swap in and out in the Lesson Notes materials on the website.

10 Comments

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ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hello listeners!

How is the weather today in the place you live? Can you say it in Chinese?

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 01:22 AM
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你好 robert groulx!


谢谢 for commenting. We are very happy to have you here. Let us know if you have any questions.


Kind regards,

雷文特 (Levente)

Team ChineseClass101.com

robert groulx
Saturday at 12:23 AM
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thank you for the lesson transcript


favorite phrase is Wǒ zhù zài…


robert

robert groulx
Saturday at 12:14 AM
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thank you for the lesson transcript


favorite phrase is (Zài fandian de qiánmian yǒu chūzūchē.)


robert

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 12:05 AM
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Hi, Efrem,


Good job!

加油!:smile:


Cho

Team ChineseClass101.com

Efrem
Friday at 04:03 AM
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今天天气凉快,有云。

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:11 AM
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Hi Fred,


Perfect! 说得很好!:smile: :thumbsup:


Olivia

Team ChineseClass101.com

Fred
Monday at 02:49 AM
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今天天气很热!可是,风很大。没问题,过一会儿我要在公园慢跑!

Today's weather is very hot! However, the wind is strong. No problem, later I'll jog at the park!

Team ChineseClass101.com
Sunday at 09:09 PM
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Hi Chris,


Thanks for your message!

Nice answer:smile:


Chloe

Team ChineseClass101.com

Chris
Wednesday at 03:45 AM
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在这儿 天气 好好 , 不是 很热 很 日, sunny ? haha