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Lesson Transcript

Victor: 大家好我是Victor.
Amber: And I’m Amber. Welcome back to Gengo Chinese Lesson 2 -
Victor: How to Make a Chinese First Impression that will Last a Lifetime
Amber: Sounds so
Victor: So pay attention please.
Amber: So we’re back at Gengo Chinese. Last lesson we learned a little bit about Chinese word order.
Victor: Yes, just to review. Simple sentences in Chinese are similar to the word order we use in English,
Amber: That was: (subject) + (verb) + (object).
Victor: Yes, for example, I am Victor is 我是Victor.
Amber: And the other thing we learned was word order in a phrase that talks about the time when something occurs. The word order then is [ subject + time when + predicate ].
Victor: Yes, remember when Mike said '我明天去中国。'
Amber: Right. I tomorrow go to China. And so he is, because today’s lesson is on the very first day of his journey.
Victor: So together we're going to get to know Chinese.
Amber: And today we’re going to also learn how to know a person.
Victor: Yes, introductions in Chinese.
Amber: Yes, so we are joining our friend Mike and set off.
Victor: Boarding flight Gengo Chinese to China.
Amber: Yeah. And the truth is, Victor, I think the China adventure will start quickly for everyone, if they get on a plane to China. Because I think, basically you have a 90% chance that you will get a captive language partner sitting next to you!
Victor: Yes.In this lesson you will learn how to introduce yourself.
Amber: This conversation takes place, as you’ve mentioned, takes place between two strangers sitting next to each other on a plane. Let’s listen to the dialogue.
Mike: 打扰一下。
Lili: 哦,不好意思,请坐。
Mike: 你好,我叫孙麦克。
Lili: 你好,我叫张丽。
Mike: 不好意思,请再说一遍。
Lili: 张丽,你可以叫我丽丽。
Mike: 丽丽,很高兴认识你!
Lili: 我也是。
重复一次, 慢速. One more time, a little slower.
Mike: 打扰一下。
Lili: 哦,不好意思,请坐。
Mike: 你好,我叫孙麦克。
Lili: 你好,我叫张丽。
Mike: 不好意思,请再说一遍。
Lili: 张丽,你可以叫我丽丽。
Mike: 丽丽,很高兴认识你!
Lili: 我也是。
重复一次, 加英文翻译. One more time, with the English.
Mike: 打扰一下。
Amber: Excuse me.
Lili: 哦,不好意思,请坐。
Amber: Oh, sorry. Please, sit.
Mike: 你好,我叫孙麦克。
Amber: Hello, I'm Mike Smith.
Lili: 你好,我叫张丽。
Amber: Hello, I'm Zhang Li.
Mike: 不好意思,请再说一遍。
Amber: Sorry, could you say that again?
Lili: 张丽,你可以叫我丽丽。
Amber: Zhang Li. You can call me Lili.
Mike: 丽丽,很高兴认识你!
Amber: Lili, it's very nice to meet you!
Lili: 我也是。
Amber: Me too.
Amber: Don't forget you can leave us a comment on this lesson.
Victor: So if you have a question,
Amber: or some feedback,
Victor: please leave us comment!
Amber: It's very easy to do. Just stop by ChinesePod101.com,
Victor: click on comments, enter your comment and name, and that's it.
Amber: We're looking forward to hearing from you! Okay...
Amber: Let's listen to the conversation.
Amber: Ok, we haven’t broken down all the language yet, but that sounded pretty promising, I think, Victor, don’t you think?
Victor: Yeah, he probably got a good seat.
Amber: Yeah, I mean, it could be he’s like sandwiched in between 2 large people, we can’t really see, but if they’ll speak Chinese with him, it’s worth it.
Victor: Yeah, plus usually Chinese people are smaller in size.
Amber: Yeah, i mean, you got a good chance, it’s probably like a better chance of a comfortable flight if you’re on an American plane.
Victor: Yeah.
Amber: So let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
And now the vocab section.
Victor: 打扰 [natural native speed]
Amber: to disturb
Victor: 打扰 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 打扰 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 不好意思 [natural native speed]
Amber: sorry
Victor: 不好意思 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 不好意思 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 叫 [natural native speed]
Amber: to call
Victor: 叫 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 叫 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 请 [natural native speed]
Amber: please
Victor: 请 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 请 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 再 [natural native speed]
Amber: again
Victor: 再 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 再 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 可以 [natural native speed]
Amber: can
Victor: 可以 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 可以 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 高兴 [natural native speed]
Amber: happy
Victor: 高兴 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 高兴 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 认识 [natural native speed]
Amber: to know, to recognize
Victor: 认识 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 认识 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 也 [natural native speed]
Amber: also, too
Victor: 也 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 也 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 是 [natural native speed]
Amber: to be
Victor: 是 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 是 [natural native speed]
Victor: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Amber: Yes, so the first word/phrase we’re going to look at is....
Victor: 打扰一下 "Excuse me." 
Amber: Yeah, so obviously Mike is trying to crumb his way into the seat, and these are the magic words. So what we have here, let’s break it down. We have the first word, which is, to disturb.
Victor: 打扰. 打 is a third tone, 扰 is also a third tone.
Amber: Yes, but of course, we all know the tone-change rule, which means two third tones in a row, the first one changes to second tone.
Victor: So that’s 打扰 (dá rǎo). And then with an 一下 tagged on, it basically softens what comes before.
Amber: Right, 一下(yíxià) can be placed after a verb to soften the sound of the command or request.
Victor: 一 is first tone, and 下 is fourth tone. It’s pronounced as second tone is because when 一 is combined with a 4th tone word, it changes to second tone. 一下(yíxià), 打扰一下.
Amber: Yeah, so basically adding this 一下 kind of has the same feeling in English as we say ‘a little’ or ‘a while’ or ‘for a moment’ , kinda like “Can I disturb you for a moment?”
Victor: Right.
Amber: Ok. So next our girl comes too, obviously, and she immediately apologizes. How do you apologize in Chinese Victor?
Victor: 不好意思(bùhǎoyìsi)
Amber: That’s right, we hear her say 不好意思. So let’s break it down. Literally it means 'not good meaning', so what are the words involved there?
Victor: 不 is 4th tone, 好 is 3rd tone
Amber: And that means “not good”.
Victor: 意思. 意 is 4th tone, and 思 is the neutral tone.
Amber: 意思 is kind of like meaning or feeling?
Victor: Yeah, meaning. So 不好意思 is a word used to say “Sorry”. Pretty much anything from running into someone to being late. We can say 不好意思.
Amber: Yes. Everyone will forgive you. But actually there are a couple more ways to apologize in Chinese that you might hear. So we might as well tell you another one, just in case, maybe you wanna, apologize a lot.
Victor: Hopefully not. But if you do, another really popular one is 对不起 (duìbuqǐ).
Amber: Right, you hear that a lot too.
Victor: 对 is 4th tone, 不 is also 4th tone, 起 is 3rd tone. 对不起
Amber: Right. Are there any rules for when you're 不好意思 and when you're 对不起 ?
Victor: They are pretty much interchangeable. Although I think 对不起 is used for situations that are more serious. 不好意思 is something light, you know you run late for a meeting, you say 不好意思, but 对不起 is something more…
Amber: Like to your girlfriend.
Victor: Right, something like that.
Amber: Ok next, now comes a highlight of this dialogue, which is when Mike goes in for the self-introduction. And there’s nothing better than something we’ve already learned rearing its head again, right? Makes it very easy to learn the second time. Does everyone remember the self-introduction??
Victor: Yep, we learned it in Bootcamp lesson 1!
Amber: Right, just in case anyone forgot. Let’s re-enact it, Victor. Our own self-introduction. Using our Chinese names!
Victor: OK. Why don’t you go first?
Amber: Ni hao, wo jiao Zi'an
Victor: Ni hao, wo jiao 宁建超.
Amber: Great! I think everyone, that probably rang a lot of bells. So it was: hello my name is… , also in our dialogue they said exactly the same thing, got the formalities out of the way.
Victor: Right. So the verb 叫 (jiào), 4th tone, means ‘to call’.
Amber: So to introduce yourself, you are simply saying, “I’m called ______”.
Victor: And If you would like to be more specific, like ask someone their name, you can say míngzi being 'name'.
Amber: Yeah, 名字 is the name in Chinese. If you’re going to ask someone what their name is, how would you say that, Victor?
Victor: You say: 你叫什么名字?Nǐ jiào shénme míngzi?
Amber: Right. Which literally means, you call what name?
Victor: Yes.
Amber: OK so what next? You have to keep it going Victor, this conversation’s got 15 hours.
Victor: Well after the intro, naturally he says '很高兴认识你。' Hěn gāoxìng rènshi nǐ.
Amber: Yes, which is: Very nice to meet you.
Victor: The verb 认识 means to know or to be familiar with
Amber: Yeah. However, in the context of this phrase 很高兴认识你。(Hěn gāoxìng rènshi nǐ.) the implication is that of ‘to meet’, even though the verb technically means to know, but it’s like you’re getting to know them for the first time.
Victor: Right. So 认 is 4th tone, 识 is neutral tone.
Amber: Ok, so how would i answer, when someone says they are Hěn gāoxìng rènshi me?
Victor: Just like Lili does. 我也是。Wǒ yě shì.
Amber: Right, which literally 'I also am'. What are the tones on that?
Victor: 我 is a 3rd tone, 也 also 3rd, and 是 is 4th tone.
Amber: So 我, I, 也, also, 是, is. So that’s all of our vocab today.
It’s grammar time!

Lesson focus

Amber: And now we’re going to learn some grammar points. So today's grammar point is something we learned before as well, in Bootcamp 3.
Victor: Yes, 请再说一遍。 Qǐng zài shuō yī biàn
Amber: And what it means is basically 'Please say it again' or 'please say it one more time'
Victor: To express repetition of an action in Chinese, you can use this sentence pattern.
Amber: The 再 (zài) we hear here means 'again'.
Victor: So you put the 再 (zài) in front of the verb, and it means this is the action to happen ‘again’.
Amber: Right. So whatever action is happening, the 再 goes in front of it. Then, what you do to be specific about the number of times, for example, Mike wanted her to say it one more time, you then add the number of times you want... And how do you say that in Chinese, Victor?
Victor: 一遍
Amber: 一 is the word for one, 遍 is the measure word for how many times. So 一 is first tone, however here is pronounced second tone, due to tone-change rules, and 遍 is 4th tone.
Victor: So 一遍
Amber: So it’s 再 plus the verb, plus how many times.
Victor: So let’s revisit our lines from our dialogue.
Amber: Let’s do that.
Victor: 请再说一遍.
Amber: So the 请 is please, we learned that before, in the boot camp, now what if it were 3 more times.
Victor: You can say 再说三遍zài shuō sān biàn
Amber: Right, so 三 being the word for 3, San bian - 3 times
Victor: And they will probably be very surprised. Three times.
Amber: You can try that. Probably I would need them to repeat 3 times...Well so far so good, it seems that the passengers are getting along well.
Victor: Yes we will have to see how things develop. Hopefully they don’t fall straight asleep.
Amber: So stay tuned for lesson 3 in our series, which will be either be more Chinese, or learn how to snore in Chinese.
Victor: Yep, join our trip to China, and our Chinese learning journey.
Amber: And we’ll see you next time on Gengo Chinese.
Victor: Yep. 再见.
Amber: 再见.


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Please, introduce yourself to us!

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:43 AM
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Hello Antoine,

Thank you for your comment, we hope you enjoy the lessons! 👍

If you have any questions, please let us know.

Ngai Lam

Team ChineseClass101.com

Monday at 04:27 PM
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Ni hao,

Wo shi YingYu LaoShi.

Thank you for the great lessons!


ChineseClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 02:10 AM
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你好 robert groulx!

谢谢 for commenting. We are very happy to have you here. Let us know if you have any questions.

Kind regards,

雷文特 (Levente)

Team ChineseClass101.com

robert groulx
Sunday at 12:17 AM
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thank you for the lesson transcript

favorite phrase is 再说三遍


ChineseClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:03 AM
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Hello, Tara,

We usually put the time phrase before the verb.

昨天下雨了吗?Did it rain yesterday?

我想明天去动物园。 I want to go to the zoo tomorrow.

你什么时候考试?When do you take the exam?

Of course, it is not an absolute rule.


Team ChineseClass101.com

Thursday at 01:04 AM
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Hello all,

One of the example sentences in abs beg s1 was 明天我们要去杭州, is there a rule about whether the time phrase goes before or after he subject?

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Thursday at 09:46 PM
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Hi, Efrem,





Team ChineseClass101.com

Tuesday at 08:21 AM
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你好, 我叫Efrem,但是中文说:埃弗雷姆。我是吧私人,很高兴认识你。

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:08 AM
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Hi Fred! 穆雷德你好!

你的中文很好啊 :thumbsup:



Team ChineseClass101.com

Saturday at 06:54 AM
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Hello everybody, I am Fred. I have a Chinese name, I'm called Muleide. I am American. Nice to meet y'all!