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Lesson Transcript

Amber: Hello, and welcome to the Gengo Chinese S1 at ChineseClass101.com, where we study modern Chinese in a fun, educational format!
Victor: So, brush up on the Chinese that you started learning long ago, or start learning today.
Amber: Thanks for being here with us for this lesson. Victor, what are we looking at in this lesson.
Amber: So our friend Mike is in for a great experience today.
Victor: Yes he is!
Amber: That of taking a Chinese bus.
Victor: Yeah this guy is hardcore. He doesn't mess around.
Amber: Before we get on the bus, however, let's do a little review of last lesson.
Victor: We learned the word for 'how long', 'duojiu'.
Amber: Yes! Which could even come in handy on a bus ride! We also learned the word in Chinese for 'at'
Victor: Yes, the preposition zai. As in, 您住在哪儿?
Amber: Yes, 您住在哪儿?, 'where are you staying?'
Victor: Well that is where he's trying to get to now, his hotel.
Amber: Let's listen in and see if he makes it!
Mike: 我要去人民广场,请问有几点的车?
Ticket Seller: 下午4点。
Mike: 我要一张票。
Ticket Seller: 16块钱。
Mike: 给你。
Ticket Seller: 这是你的票。
Mike: 谢谢,再见。
Ticket Seller: 再见。
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Mike: 我要去人民广场,请问有几点的车?
Ticket Seller: 下午4点。
Mike: 我要一张票。
Ticket Seller: 16块钱。
Mike: 给你。
Ticket Seller: 这是你的票。
Mike: 谢谢,再见。
Ticket Seller: 再见。
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Mike: 我要去人民广场,请问有几点的车?
Amber: I want to go to Renmin Square. Can you please tell me what time the bus leaves?
Ticket Seller: 下午4点。
Amber: 4 o'clock in the afternoon.
Mike: 我要一张票。
Amber: I want one ticket.
Ticket Seller: 16块钱。
Amber: 16 RMB.
Mike: 给你。
Amber: Here you go.
Ticket Seller: 这是你的票。
Amber: This is your ticket.
Mike: 谢谢,再见。
Amber: Thank you, Goodbye.
Ticket Seller: 再见。
Amber: Goodbye.
Amber: So Mike is pretty brave. Braving the bus right away.
Victor: Yes, there are a few ways to get from the airport in China, one being a bus like the one referred to in this dialogue
Amber: In Shanghai there is the maglev train.
Victor: And in Beijing there is
Amber: But my old standby is the taxi. Because I always have so much luggage!
Victor: Yeah, it’s kind of easiest. Well let’s learn a bit more about Mike’s chosen form of transport, taking the bus.
Vocabulary and Phrases
Amber: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Victor: 要 [natural native speed]
Amber: to want
Victor: 要 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 要 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 去 [natural native speed]
Amber: to go
Victor: 去 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 去 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 人民 [natural native speed]
Amber: people
Victor: 人民 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 人民 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 广场 [natural native speed]
Amber: square
Victor: 广场 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 广场 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 请问 [natural native speed]
Amber: may I ask
Victor: 请问 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 请问 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 有 [natural native speed]
Amber: to have
Victor: 有 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 有 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 几点 [natural native speed]
Amber: what time
Victor: 几点 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 几点 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 张 [natural native speed]
Amber: (measure word for flat objects)
Victor: 张 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 张 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 票 [natural native speed]
Amber: ticket
Victor: 票 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 票 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 块 [natural native speed]
Amber: (measure word for money)
Victor: 块 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 块 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 给 [natural native speed]
Amber: to give
Victor: 给 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 给 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 这 [natural native speed]
Amber: this
Victor: 这 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 这 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 是 [natural native speed]
Amber: to be
Victor: 是 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 是 [natural native speed]
Amber: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Victor: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
Amber: So here is our vocab for the day.
Victor: Well we learn a great phrase for being polite.
Amber: Yes, in the dialogue we hear
Victor: 请问 (qǐng wèn)
Amber: qǐng means please. Wèn means ‘to ask’
Victor: Yes, then we have the verb for ‘to give’ 给 (gěi) "to give"
Amber: And, as we see in this dialogue, we can use this verb to basically say ‘here you are’.
Victor: 给你 (gěi nǐ) "here you go"
Amber: Now where is he going, here’s a chance to point out our first Shanghai site, 人民广场
Victor: Yes the lovely ‘peoples square’. 人民 meaning ‘peoples’ 广场 meaning ‘square’.
Amber: And to get to the peoples square, he needs a 车
Victor: Yes, which is our next word. The word for ‘vehicle’ 车
Amber: Yes, depending on context, you can use this word for car, or as in this case, the bus. Just a short way of saying it.
Victor: And one more important thing you will need for the bus is the word for ticket, 票

Lesson focus

Amber: OK so now we’re going to give you the grammar to learn how to buy a bus ticket, how to enquire about time, and to learn about money in Chinese.
Victor: So to express something you want or need to do, you can do as Mike did in the dialogue.
Amber: Yes, so first of all, he ‘wants to go to renmin guangchang’
Victor: ‘我要去人民广场’
Amber: So the magic word here is 要. We use this verb to express the desire to do something, or when we want to do something.
Victor: So what we do is, put the verb or object that we want, after the要.
Amber: So here he wants to do what
Victor: 他要去人民广场
Amber: So the action word he wants to perform here is ‘qu’, which means, to go.
Victor: So simply
Amber: Now 要 can also be used with objects. Like when you ‘want something’.
Amber: Yes, and to get on the bus, what does he want?
Victor: Yes of course, to get on the airport bus, you need a ticket.
Amber: And this time it’s a little different because it’s yao plus an object
Victor: The sentence is
Amber: OK now that we got the important part down, getting a ticket.
Victor: Yes now we will take a step back to another very crucial part!
Amber: Which is figuring out what the bus times are!
Victor: So let’s start with asking the time. The key word for asking the time in the sentence
Amber: So if I wanted to ask, ‘what time is it?’ what do I say?
Victor: 几点 or you can add几点钟?
Amber: Then we hear something interesting.
Victor: And it is how to say ‘there is’ in Chinese. To express existence.
Amber: To do this iIn Chinese you actually use the verb ‘to have’
Victor: 有
Amber: So the question is, ‘what time are there buses’
Victor: 请问有几点的车?
Amber: Right so our question opener, 请问, which means, ‘may I ask’. Then ‘to have what time bus’, is the literal translation.
Victor: Ok now we’re going to have a little introduction to a little Chinese phenomenon.
Amber: Which are measure words! Also known as ‘classifiers’.
Victor: Measure words appear in Chinese between a number and a noun
Amber: And you can think of them in these terms, kind of like how we say in English ‘a loaf of bread’ or ‘a pair of shoes’. Except in Chinese, all nouns will need a measure word when speaking of a certain number of objects.
Victor: Yes and there are a lot of measure words, each object has its particular one it goes with. So the pattern goes like this ‘number + measure word + noun’
Amber: In our dialogue we hear Mike ask for one ticket
Victor: 一张票 (yī zhāng piào)
Amber: So the word for one is ‘yi’. Then we have the measure word that goes with paper ‘zhang’.
Victor: And then the word for ticket, 票.
Amber: So, for example, the measure word here, 张 (zhāng) is a measure word commonly associated with long, flat objects.
Victor: Which makes sense, since tickets are long and flat.
Amber: OK, now all this measure word excitement leads us to something else exciting, ‘money!’
Victor: Yes. And money uses measure words too.
Amber: So what is the word for money Victor?
Victor: 钱
Amber: and since with money we are always talking about an amount of money, of course we will need to use the measure word for money.
Victor: Which is ‘kuai4’
Amber: So in our dialogue, how does this sound?
Victor: 16块钱。
Amber: So first is the number ‘16’ ‘shi2liu4’. Then comes the measure word for money,
Victor: 块
Amber: Then the word for money.
Victor: 钱
Amber: Yes. If it helps to think of it this way, you can think of it like ’16 pieces of money’
Victor: 16 块钱
Amber: On a couple side notes Victor, what is the currency actually called in China?
Victor: Officially it is the renminbi. But sometimes you will also hear it refered to as 远
Amber: Yes, and there’s another thing too… and that is that most often, you will hear people refer to it just by the measure word.
Victor: Yes, most often when you ask the price of something casually, people will just say ‘16 块’. You don’t really need to say ‘钱’
Amber: Yeah maybe it’s kind of like saying ’20 bucks’ instead of ’20 dollars’
Victor: OK so that’s it for today’s lesson.
Amber: Have another listen to the dialogue, and stay tuned for next time to see what Chinese adventures come next.
Amber: That just about does it for today.
Amber: Before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Victor: The voice recording tool...
Amber: Yes, the voice recording tool in the premium learning center...
Victor: Record your voice with a click of a button,
Amber: and then play it back just as easily.
Victor: So you record your voice, and then listen to it.
Amber: Compare it to the native speakers...
Victor: And adjust your pronunciation!
Amber: This will help you improve your pronunciation fast!
Amber: Zai jian!
Victor: Zai jian!


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