Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Amber: In today’s lesson we enter a quintessential Chinese experience.
Victor: Oh how I miss the convenience stores of China.
Amber: Yes, its amazing how much can be packed into such a small space.
Victor: Well let’s start by seeing what Maike finds to buy.
Amber: But first... let's review last lesson, where Maike successfully located and bought a bus ticket to the city from the airport.
Victor: Yes, and we learned how to ask the time.. . 几点钟 (jǐ diǎn zhōng)
Amber: Or, even simpler, 几点
Victor: And we also got an introduction to measure words in Chinese.
Amber: Yes, remember, in Chinese, you need a measure word between a number and a noun
Victor: Like his bus ticket... yi zhang piao
Amber: Or the money... 16 kuai qian. Today's lesson will have even more measure words, to help you get a real hang of them.
VIctor: And we cannot forget to mention the verb for getting what you want... 'yao'
Amber: OK now i want ... wo yao... to listen to today's dialogue!
Victor: OK let's do it!
Clerk: 欢迎光临!
(Mike places items on counter)
Clerk: 三瓶水,一瓶果汁,一包饼干。
Mike: 那是什么?
Clerk: 这是茶叶蛋,很好吃。
Mike: 给我一个。多少钱?
Clerk: 一共24块。
Mke: 好,谢谢。
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Clerk: 欢迎光临!
(Mike places items on counter)
Clerk: 三瓶水,一瓶果汁,一包饼干。
Mike: 那是什么?
Clerk: 这是茶叶蛋,很好吃。
Mike: 给我一个。多少钱?
Clerk: 一共24块。
Mke: 好,谢谢。
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Clerk: 欢迎光临!
Amber: Welcome!
(Mike places items on counter)
Amber(Mike places items on counter)
Clerk: 三瓶水,一瓶果汁,一包饼干。
Amber: Three bottles of water, one bottle of juice, one package of cookies.
Mike: 那是什么?
Amber: What is that?
Clerk: 这是茶叶蛋,很好吃。
Amber: This is a tea egg. It's delicious.
Mike: 给我一个。多少钱?
Amber: Give me one. How much?
Clerk: 一共24块。
Amber: Altogether it's 24 RMB.
Mke: 好,谢谢。
Amber: OK, thanks.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Convenience stores are everywhere in Taiwan; on some streets you can find 3 or more 7-11's in one block. The convenience stores, though compact, seem to be stocked with every item you could possible imagine needing. From cheap quick lunches to underwear to bill payments and fax service. With their air conditioning cranked in summer, they can also be a welcome respite from the humidity outside.
Convenience stores in Mainland China are perhaps not as plentiful or well-stocked as in Taiwan, however there are still more than enough to go around. Generally one can find a snack to their liking, if they don't mind chips of the meat and fish flavored varieties. Chicken feet in a package are on offer, as well as cheap Chinese rice wine (baijiu).
Vocabulary and Phrases
Amber: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
: The first word we shall see is:
Victor: 欢迎光临 [natural native speed]
Amber: welcome
Victor: 欢迎光临 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 欢迎光临 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 瓶 [natural native speed]
Amber: bottle
Victor: 瓶 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 瓶 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 水 [natural native speed]
Amber: water
Victor: 水 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 水 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 果汁 [natural native speed]
Amber: juice
Victor: 果汁 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 果汁 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 包 [natural native speed]
Amber: (measure word for package)
Victor: 包 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 包 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 饼干 [natural native speed]
Amber: cookie, biscuit
Victor: 饼干 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 饼干 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 那 [natural native speed]
Amber: that
Victor: 那 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 那 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 什么 [natural native speed]
Amber: what
Victor: 什么 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 什么 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 这 [natural native speed]
Amber: this
Victor: 这 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 这 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 茶 [natural native speed]
Amber: tea
Victor: 茶 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 茶 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 叶 [natural native speed]
Amber: leaf
Victor: 叶 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 叶 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 好吃 [natural native speed]
Amber: delicious
Victor: 好吃 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 好吃 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 给 [natural native speed]
Amber: to give
Victor: 给 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 给 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 多少 [natural native speed]
Amber: how much, how many
Victor: 多少 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 多少 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 钱 [natural native speed]
Amber: money
Victor: 钱 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 钱 [natural native speed]
: Next:
Victor: 一共 [natural native speed]
Amber: all together
Victor: 一共 [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Victor: 一共 [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Amber: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Victor: The first word/phrase we’ll look at is....
So of course we talked about welcome greetings before.
Amber: Now you get to hear one live!
Victor: 欢迎光临!
Amber: There will be many more where that came from.
Victor: We also, of course, heard about your beloved ‘cha ye dan’ Amber
Amber: Yes, the brown simmering eggs.
Victor: Now ‘dan’ is the word for egg.
Amber: yes and there are all kinds of ‘dan’s, or eggs, in Chinese food.
Victor: The most famous probably being ‘jidan’
Amber: Yes, the classic chicken egg.
Victor: But in this case it’s the cha ye dan
Amber: Which is cool because we just learned the word for ‘tea’
Victor: yes, ‘cha2’
Amber: and the word for ‘leaf’
Victor: ye4
Amber: cha ye dan. Yum.
Victor: But let’s look at what else he bought.
Amber: We’re getting too stuck on the egg.
Victor: We heard shui
Amber: water
Victor: guozhi
Amber: Juice
Victor: and some binggan
Amber: Cookies.
Victor: And all this wonderful food… so delicious. ‘hen hao chi’
Amber: Yes, literally, ‘very good to eat’.
Victor: The verb for ‘to eat’ is ‘chi1’
Amber: And Victor, you will note what it was that was ‘hen hao chi’
Victor: Yes, the cha ye dan.
Amber: Yes, not the shui, or the guozhi, or the binggan!
Victor: Ok all this food brings us to another important phrase.
Amber: Which is…
Victor: How much does it cost. ‘duoshao qian’
Amber: Yes, Maike is going a little crazy on a shopping spree here.
Victor: Well I think the nice part is that convenience stores are also dirt cheap in China.
Amber: Like how much would one of those cha ye dan’s cost anyway?
Victor: ______
Amber: Cheap. So cheap. I can’t even buy a raw egg for that in the west.
Victor: so his grand total for all his stuff is only 24 rmb
Amber: Yes and the clerk uses a word to let him know its ‘all together’ 24 rmb
Victor: Yes ‘yi gong’

Lesson focus

Victor: Now today’s dialogue has quite a few occurrences of something that is a very Chinese grammar matter.
Amber: Yes, we already learned about the shui ‘water’, guozhi ‘juice’ and other stuff he bought.
Victor: But let’s go back to that list of things. The clerk didn’t say just ‘3 shui’, ‘1 guozhi’… etc.
Amber: Yes because when a quantity of something is involved, Chinese needs a measure word. We had a little intro to this concept in Lesson 7. If it helps, you can think about the English sorts of measure words we have… a loaf of bread… a flock of seagulls. Its similar to that.
Victor: So here we heard
Amber: So each noun will have its own measure word associated with it. Really there is not a lot of rhyme or reason to it, you just need to memorize which takes which measure word.
Victor: Right so in this case, the measure word for a bottle of something is 瓶.
Amber: So he got
Victor: san ping shui
Amber: 3 bottles of water
Victor: yi ping guozhi
Amber: 1 bottle of juice
Victor: yi bao binggan
Amber: 1 package of cookies
Victor: and we hear it again when he asks for one tea egg/cha ye dan.
Amber: Yes he says, ‘give me one’
Victor: Gei wo yige.
Amber: So you can see from this that you can even leave off the noun and just use a measure word.
Victoer: Yes, here the measure word for ‘egg’ being ‘ge’
Amber: And the good news is, if you can’t remember the measure word for something, you can just throw in this ‘ge’. It’s the most common of the measure words, and people will catch your drift.
Victor: Yes it’s a little measure word crutch.
Amber: But this is not it. Actually there is ONE MORE measure word in this dialogue, just to really drive the point home.
Victor: Yes and its one we touched on before, the measure word for money.
Amber: Remember, he had to pay 24 kuai.
Victor: The kuai here is just a measure word for money. And, like the egg, the clerk just leaves off the word for money and uses the short form, of number plus measure word
Amber: 24 kuai. Its really 24 kuai qian… but the Chinese love brevity.
Amber: Now there’s one more little light grammar point we can bring out.
Victor: Very light. We promise. After all that.
Amber: It’s about ‘this’ and ‘that’.
Victor: Yes, in this dialogue we hear Maike ask what is that?
Amber: Pointing to the brown simmering egg.
Victor: And we hear the clerk say
Amber: A brown simmering egg.
Victor: So the word for ‘that’ in Chinese is
Amber: And to ask ‘what is that’, just like maike did, we say
Victor: 那是什么?
Amber: and here is a little tip about ‘that’ in Chinese. You can say it two ways. Your pick.
Victor: Yes some people say ‘na’, and others say ‘nei’.
Amber: All depends on the area, etc. Which do you like Victor?
Victor: ______
Amber: I tend to be more of a ‘na’ girl. Anyway, now we move on to the answer to ‘what is that’. And that is, ‘this is…’
Victor: 这是。。。
Amber: Does the zhe have multiple personalities as well?
Victor: yes. It can be zhe or zhei.
Amber: We get options! Express yourself people with your this’s and that’s.
Wrap-up
Amber: That just about does it for today.
Amber: Before we go, we want to tell you about a way to drastically improve your pronunciation.
Victor: The voice recording tool...
Amber: Yes, the voice recording tool in the premium learning center...
Victor: Record your voice with a click of a button,
Amber: and then play it back just as easily.
Victor: So you record your voice, and then listen to it.
Amber: Compare it to the native speakers...
Victor: And adjust your pronunciation!
Amber: This will help you improve your pronunciation fast!
Amber: zaijian
Victor: zaijian

6 Comments

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ChineseClass101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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ChineseClass101.comVerified
Thursday at 10:19 pm
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Hi, Efrem,


加油!

If you have any question, please let us know.


Cho

Team ChineseClass101.com

Efrem
Wednesday at 6:33 am
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一包饼干,一瓶果汁 和一个香蕉。

这是4美元。

给你。

谢谢,再见。

再见。

Team ChineseClass101.com
Wednesday at 6:16 pm
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Hi Endel,


Good to know it!

If you have any problems, please let us know, we'll fix it.


Chloe

Team ChineseClass101.com

Endel Tiitso
Tuesday at 6:46 pm
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Today I tried again and succeeded with the transfer.

Endel Tiitso
Sunday at 1:37 am
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I could not transfer the words welcome, leaf and bottle to my flashcard deck, I sent an error report to you, but that mail was rejected as spam. What should I do next to get support ?