Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Hēi , dàjiā hǎo , wǒ jiào Mǎ Yànrú. Hi everybody! I’m YanruMa.
Welcome to ChineseClass101.com’s “Sān fēnzhōng Hànyǔ”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Chinese.
In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about age. In this lesson, we are going to learn how to use the verb yǒu, “to have.” to talk about things you own.
Nǐ yǒu qìchē ma? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] Nǐ yǒu qìchē ma?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
Nǐ means “You”
yǒu means “have”
Qìchē means “car”
and ma is a word that makes the whole sentence a question.
So if you *do* have a car, how can you answer this question?
Chinese verbs don’t change depending on person, so it’s really simple!
Just take the question sentence ‘Nǐ yǒu qìchē ma ?’
and change ‘Nǐ to Wǒ
Then remove the word ma from the end.
So all together, you get
Wǒ yǒu qìchē. “I have a car.”
[slowly] Wǒ yǒu qìchē .
Say that a classmate wants to borrow a pen from you. He might ask, Nǐ yǒu bǐ ma? Which is “Do you have a pen?”
Actually, there is an EVEN simpler way to answer the question. You don’t have to repeat the thing your friend asked about, so if they say to you, Nǐ yǒu bǐ ma?...
...You can just answer with Wǒ yǒu.
[slowly] Wǒ yǒu.
Now, in Chinese, there is another very common pattern for asking questions using the verb yǒu. Instead of ending the sentence with ma, we will say yǒu two times, with a méi in the middle. Let me demonstrate.
Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu qìchē ?
“Do you have a car or not?”
[slowly] Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu qìchē ?
This is literally like saying, “You have don’t have a car?
Now it’s time for Yanru’s tips.
Although Nǐ yǒu qìchē ma? and Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu qìchē ? mean the same, the former is a little more formal than the latter. When you say Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu qìchē ?, you should be be careful about your tone, or you might sound rude.
In this lesson, we have learned about the verb yǒu, “to have”. In previous lessons, we also used the verb “shì”, or “to be”
In the next lesson, we’ll learn how to use these two verbs in their negative forms in order to say “I’m not” and “I don’t have”.
Unlike in English, the word you have to add is different, depending on whether you say, “you” or “shi”. Do you know how?
I'll be waiting for you with the answer in the next Sān fēnzhōng Hànyǔ lesson.
Zài jiàn !

9 Comments

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ChineseClass101.com Verified
Friday at 06:30 PM
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What do you have near you?

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Sunday at 04:20 AM
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你好 robert groulx,


谢谢 for posting and studying with us. If you have any questions, please let us know.😄


Kind regards,

雷文特 (Levente)

Team ChineseClass101.com

robert groulx
Friday at 11:15 PM
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thank you for the lesson transcript


favorite phrase is Nǐ yǒu qìchē ma? “Do you have a car?”


robert

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 12:11 AM
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Hi, Patricia,


Actually not only in Chinese, every language, it can be in rude tone.

If we say it in a rude attitude, it goes rude.

Not the pronunciaton, but the attitude.


Cho

Team ChineseClass101.com

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 12:01 AM
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Hi, Patricia,


Thank you for your posting.

We'll be back to you as soon as we can.


Cho

Team ChineseClass101.com

Patricia
Tuesday at 03:49 AM
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*It wouldve been nice to see a comparison of the rude tone and acceptable tone since I have no frame of reference with my limited skills

Patricia
Tuesday at 03:47 AM
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Thank You


(When you say 你有没有汽车?Nǐ yǒu méiyǒu qìchē? you should be be careful about your tone, or you might sound rude.)


Im guessing this is in reference to the intonation within the limits of the tones. It wouldve been nice to see a comparison of the tone and acceptable tone since I have no frame of reference with my limited skills

ChineseClass101.com Verified
Monday at 01:16 PM
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Hello Robin,


We're really glad you are enjoying our 'Chinese in 3 mintes' series:smile:


We hope you learn Chinese soon! Good luck:cool:


Cheers,

Neha

Team ChineseClass101.com

Robin
Thursday at 10:22 PM
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I love the 3 minute series.