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Vocabulary Lists Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners

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Chinese: 初学者的10个入门句型
English: Top 10 Sentence Patterns for Beginners
In this lesson, you will learn the Top 10 Chinese Sentence Patterns for Beginners. Even though you may already know some Chinese vocabulary, perhaps you’re finding it difficult to string together coherent sentences. This lesson will break down the key components of 10 basic Chinese sentence patterns, while also giving you an example of each one. Take your Chinese to the next level by formulating clear, well-organized Chinese sentences!

P.S. Be sure to click on the links below to take relevant lessons to learn even more about each sentence pattern!
[A](pronoun) 叫什么名字?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A](pronoun) 叫什么名字?
- Romanization: [A] jiào shénme míngzi?
- Traditional: [A] 叫甚麼名字?
- English: What is [A]'s name?

■ Example

- Entry: 他叫什么名字?
- Romanization: tā jiào shénme míngzi ?
- Traditional: 他叫甚麼名字?
- English: What's his name?
[A](pronoun) 叫 [B](proper noun).
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A](pronoun) 叫 [B](proper noun).
- Romanization: [A] jiào [B].
- Traditional: [A] 叫 [B].
- English: [A]'s name is [B].

■ Example

- Entry: 我叫张玲。
- Romanization: Wǒ jiào Zhāng Líng .
- Traditional: 我叫張玲。
- English: My name is WangLing.
[A](pronoun) 是哪国人?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A](pronoun) 是哪国人?
- Romanization: [A] shì nǎ guó rén ?
- Traditional: [A]是哪國人?
- English: Which country is/are [A] from.

■ Example

- Entry: 你是哪国人?
- Romanization: nǐ shì nǎ guó rén ?
- Traditional: 你是哪國人?
- English: Which country are you from?
[A](pronoun) 是 [B](country) 人。
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A](pronoun) 是 [B](country) 人。
- Romanization: [A] shì [B] rén .
- Traditional: [A] 是 [B] 人。
- English: [A] is/are from [B].

■ Example

- Entry: 我是美国人。
- Romanization: Wǒ shì Měiguórén .
- Traditional: 我是美國人。
- English: I'm from America.
[A](pronoun) 喜欢 [A](noun) 吗?
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A](pronoun) 喜欢 [A](noun) 吗?
- Romanization: [A] xǐhuān [A] ma ?
- Traditional: [A]喜歡 [A] 嗎?
- English: Do [A] like/likes [A]?

■ Example

- Entry: 你喜欢中国菜吗?
- Romanization: nǐ xǐhuān Zhōngguó cài ma ?
- Traditional: 你喜歡中國菜嗎?
- English: Do you like Chinese food?
[A](proper noun) 喜欢 [B](noun)。
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A](proper noun) 喜欢 [B](noun)。
- Romanization: [A](proper noun) xǐhuān [B](noun).
- Traditional: [A]喜歡 [B]。
- English: [A] like/likes [B].

■ Example

- Entry: 我喜欢中国。
- Romanization: Wǒ xǐhuān Zhōngguó .
- Traditional: 我喜歡中國。
- English: I like China.
[A](pronoun) 也/不 喜欢。
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A](pronoun) 也/不 喜欢。
- Romanization: [A] yě /bù xǐhuān .
- Traditional: [A](pronoun) 也/不 喜歡。
- English: [A] also/doesn't like.

■ Example

- Entry: 我也喜欢中国。
- Romanization: Wǒ yě xǐhuān Zhōngguó .
- Traditional: 我也喜歡中國。
- English: I like China, too.
[A](pronoun) 是 [B](noun).
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: [A](pronoun) 是 [B](noun).
- Romanization: [A] shì [B].
- Traditional: [A] 是 [B].
- English: [A] is/are a/an [B].

■ Example

- Entry: 他是学生。
- Romanization: tā shì xuésheng .
- Traditional: 他是學生。
- English: He is a student.
我要去[A](some place) or [B](to do something) 了。
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: 我要去[A](some place) or [B](to do something) 了。
- Romanization: Wǒ yào qù [A] or [B] le.
- Traditional: 我要去[A] or [B] 了.
- English: I'm about to go to ( [A] / [B] ).

■ Example

- Entry: 我要去学校。
- Romanization: Wǒ yào qù xuéxiào.
- Traditional: 我要去學校。
- English: I'm about to go to school.
我 [A](adjective) 了。
■ Target Pattern

- Entry: 我 [A](adjective) 了。
- Romanization: Wǒ [A]le .
- Traditional: 我[A]了。
- English: I feel [A].

■ Example

- Entry: 我饿了。
- Romanization: Wǒ è le .
- Traditional: 我餓了。
- English: I'm hungry.
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5 Comments
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Tuesday at 9:53 am
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Can you make sample sentences using these patterns?

Sunday at 11:38 pm
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Hi, Azizjon,

Thank you for your posting.
Yes, the Chinese Characters are difficult to learn.
The most origion of the characters were from the draw of things.
Like 田 is from from the shape of farmland/cropland.
Also, parts of each character have meanings. You can try to learn them separately.
And it really takes time to learn at the very begining.
Try to enjoy while learning.

Cho
Team ChineseClass101.com

Azizjon
Sunday at 11:37 pm
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Hi. Please help me. I’ve started learning chinese language for nearly 3 months. But right now I have trouble in learning how to write and memorizing ieroglifs themselves (actually if there is any books) . Can you suggest any actual way to do that?
Thank you very much!

Sunday at 11:07 pm
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Hi, Bernard Davies,
Thank you for your suggestion.

We’d like to but the Chinese sentence structure is very complicated.
Even sometimes, the word order can be completely opposite.
So in this lesson, we are trying to explain the structure each by each.
It is considered as small grammar. They are the basic of long sentences.

If you have any further question, please let us know.
Cho
Team ChineseClass101.com

Sunday at 2:29 am
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As usual very useful. Why not string a long sentence as an indicator of chinese sentence formation from non specific to specific.
Name, subject, then time in descending order Year, perhaps season, year ,month date,day, part of the dy, time, situation (with) condition, finally verb (action statement.
I’m sure you could explain it better than me. It is important. Best wishes to you all .😄😄